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Kienzl, M; Hasenoehrl, C; Valadez-Cosmes, P; Maitz, K; Sarsembayeva, A; Sturm, E; Heinemann, A; Kargl, J; Schicho, R.
IL-33 reduces tumor growth in models of colorectal cancer with the help of eosinophils
ONCOIMMUNOLOGY. 2020; 9(1): 1776059
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Hasenöhrl Carina
Heinemann Akos
Kargl Julia Katharina
Kienzl Melanie
Maitz Kathrin Stefanie
Sarsembayeva Arailym
Schicho Rudolf
Sturm Eva
Valadez Cosmes Paulina
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Abstract:
In many types of cancer, presence of eosinophils in tumors correlate with an improved disease outcome. In line with this, activated eosinophils have been shown to reduce tumor growth in colorectal cancer (CRC). Interleukin (IL)-33 has recently emerged as a cytokine that is able to inhibit the development of tumors through eosinophils and other cells of the tumor microenvironment thereby positively influencing disease progress. Here, we asked whether eosinophils are involved in the effects of IL-33 on tumor growth in CRC. In models of CT26 cell engraftment and colitis-associated CRC, tumor growth was reduced after IL-33 treatment. The growth reduction was absent in eosinophil-deficient Delta dblGATA-1 mice but was restored by adoptive transfer ofex vivo-activated eosinophils indicating that the antitumor effect of IL-33 depends on the presence of eosinophils.In vitro, IL-33 increased the expression of markers of activation and homing in eosinophils, such as CD11b and Siglec-F, and the degranulation markers CD63 and CD107a. Increased expression of Siglec-F, CD11b and CD107a was also seenin vivoin eosinophils after IL-33 treatment. Viability and cytotoxic potential of eosinophils and their migration properties toward CCL24 were enhanced indicating direct effects of IL-33 on eosinophils. IL-33 treatment led to increased levels of IL-5 and CCL24 in tumors. Our data show that the presence of eosinophils is mandatory for IL-33-induced tumor reduction in models of CRC and that the mechanisms include eosinophil recruitment, activation and degranulation. Our findings also emphasize the potential use of IL-33 as an adjuvants in CRC immunotherapy.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Eosinophils
colorectal cancer
interleukin-33
adoptive transfer
CT26
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