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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Apfaltrer, G; Albrecht, MH; Schoepf, UJ; Duguay, TM; De Cecco, CN; Nance, JW; De Santis, D; Apfaltrer, P; Eid, MH; Eason, CD; Thompson, ZM; Bauer, MJ; Varga-Szemes, A; Jacobs, BE; Sorantin, E; Tesche, C.
High-pitch low-voltage CT coronary artery calcium scoring with tin filtration: accuracy and radiation dose reduction.
Eur Radiol. 2018; 28(7):3097-3104
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Apfaltrer Georg
Sorantin Erich
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Abstract:
To investigate diagnostic accuracy and radiation dose of high-pitch CT coronary artery calcium scoring (CACS) with tin filtration (Sn100kVp) versus standard 120kVp high-pitch acquisition. 78 patients (58% male, 61.5±9.1 years) were prospectively enrolled. Subjects underwent clinical 120kVp high-pitch CACS using third-generation dual-source CT followed by additional high-pitch Sn100kVp acquisition. Agatston scores, calcium volume scores, Agatston score categories, percentile-based risk categorization and radiation metrics were compared. 61/78 patients showed coronary calcifications. Median Agatston scores were 34.9 [0.7-197.1] and 41.7 [0.7-207.2] and calcium volume scores were 34.1 [0.7-218.0] for Sn100kVp and 35.7 [1.1-221.0] for 120kVp acquisitions, respectively (both p<0.0001). Bland-Altman analysis revealed underestimated Agatston scores and calcium volume scores with Sn100kVp versus 120kVp acquisitions (mean difference: 16.4 and 11.5). However, Agatston score categories and percentile-based risk categories showed excellent agreement (ĸ=0.98 and ĸ=0.99). Image noise was 25.8±4.4HU and 16.6±2.9HU in Sn100kVp and 120kVp scans, respectively (p<0.0001). Dose-length-product was 9.9±4.8mGy*cm and 40.9±14.4mGy*cm with Sn100kVp and 120kVp scans, respectively (p<0.0001). This resulted in significant effective radiation dose reduction (0.13±0.07mSv vs. 0.57±0.2mSv, p<0.0001) for Sn100kVp acquisitions. CACS using high-pitch low-voltage tin-filtered acquisitions demonstrates excellent agreement in Agatston score and percentile-based cardiac risk categorization with standard 120kVp high-pitch acquisitions. Furthermore, radiation dose was significantly reduced by 78% while maintaining accurate risk prediction. • Coronary artery calcium scoring with tin filtration reduces radiation dose by 78%. • There is excellent correlation between high-pitch Sn100kVp and standard 120kVp acquisitions. • Excellent agreement regarding Agatston score categories and percentile-based risk categorization was achieved. • No cardiac risk reclassifications were observed using Sn100kVp coronary artery calcium scoring.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Computed tomography
Coronary artery calcium
Tin filtration
High-pitch
Radiation dose
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