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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Vincent, JB; Noor, A; Windpassinger, C; Gianakopoulos, PJ; Schwarzbraun, T; Alfred, SE; Stachowiak, B; Scherer, SW; Roberts, W; Wagner, K; Kroisel, PM; Petek, E.
Characterization of a de novo translocation t(5;18)(q33.1;q12.1) in an autistic boy identifies a breakpoint close to SH3TC2, ADRB2, and HTR4 on 5q, and within the desmocollin gene cluster on 18q.
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2009; 150B(6):817-826
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Kroisel Peter
Petek Erwin
Schwarzbraun Thomas
Wagner Klaus
Windpassinger Christian
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Abstract:
We have recently reported the identification of a de novo balanced translocation t(5;18)(q33.1;q12.1) in a boy with autism. Here we discuss the identification of the breakpoints on chromosomes 5 and 18, and subsequent genomic and candidate gene analyses. The 18q breakpoint lies between desmocollin genes DSC1 and DSC2. The chromosome 5 breakpoint lies at the 3' end of the SH3TC2 gene and distal to beta-adrenergic receptor gene ADRB2 and serotonin receptor gene HTR4. We hypothesized that the transcription of one (or more) of these genes is affected by the translocation by position effect. Looking at allele-specific gene expression for the genes at the 5q locus, we were able to determine that ADRB2 is expressed from both the normal and derivative alleles. Due to the lack of expression in available tissues or lack of available informative transcribed SNPs, we were unable to exclude the involvement of SH3TC2 and HTR4 due to position effect. However, we determined that both DSC1 and DSC2 are only transcribed from the normal chromosome 18 in lymphocytes from the proband. This monoallelic expression of DSC2 may put the patient at risk for arrythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Desmocollin genes encode cell-adhesion molecules, and are also highly expressed in brain regions, and thus may also be important for normal neuronal functioning. While a role for SH3TC2, ADRB2, and HTR4 as putative candidate genes for autism cannot be discounted, a role for the desmocollin genes at the 18q breakpoint should also be considered.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Autistic Disorder - genetics
Base Sequence -
Chromosome Breakage -
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 - genetics
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 - genetics
DNA Mutational Analysis -
Desmocollins - genetics
Humans -
Male -
Molecular Sequence Data -
Multigene Family -
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide -
Proteins - genetics
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2 - genetics
Receptors, Serotonin - genetics
Translocation, Genetic -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
autism
translocation
ADRB2
HTR4
SH3TC
desmocollin
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