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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Enzinger, C; Ropele, S; Fazekas, F; Loitfelder, M; Gorani, F; Seifert, T; Reiter, G; Neuper, C; Pfurtscheller, G; Müller-Putz, G.
Brain motor system function in a patient with complete spinal cord injury following extensive brain-computer interface training.
Exp Brain Res. 2008; 190(2): 215-223. (- Case Report)
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Enzinger Christian
Fazekas Franz
Koini Marisa
Reiter Gudrun
Ropele Stefan
Seifert-Held Thomas
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Abstract:
Although several features of brain motor function appear to be preserved even in chronic complete SCI, previous functional MRI (fMRI) studies have also identified significant derangements such as a strongly reduced volume of activation, a poor modulation of function and abnormal activation patterns. It might be speculated that extensive motor imagery training may serve to prevent such abnormalities. We here report on a unique patient with a complete traumatic SCI below C5 who learned to elicit electroencephalographic signals beta-bursts in the midline region upon imagination of foot movements. This enabled him to use a neuroprosthesis and to "walk from thought" in a virtual environment via a brain-computer interface (BCI). We here used fMRI at 3T during imagined hand and foot movements to investigate the effects of motor imagery via persistent BCI training over 8 years on brain motor function and compared these findings to a group of five untrained healthy age-matched volunteers during executed and imagined movements. We observed robust primary sensorimotor cortex (SMC) activity in expected somatotopy in the tetraplegic patient upon movement imagination while such activation was absent in healthy untrained controls. Sensorimotor network activation with motor imagery in the patient (including SMC contralateral to and the cerebellum ipsilateral to the imagined side of movement as well as supplementary motor areas) was very similar to the pattern observed with actual movement in the controls. We interpret our findings as evidence that BCI training as a conduit of motor imagery training may assist in maintaining access to SMC in largely preserved somatopy despite complete deafferentation.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adaptation, Physiological - physiology
Adult -
Brain - physiology
Efferent Pathways - physiology
Evoked Potentials - physiology
Extremities - innervation
Humans -
Imagery (Psychotherapy) -
Imagination - physiology
Magnetic Resonance Imaging -
Male -
Motor Cortex - physiology
Movement - physiology
Muscle, Skeletal - innervation
Neuronal Plasticity - physiology
Physical Therapy Modalities -
Quadriplegia - physiopathology
Recovery of Function - physiology
Spinal Cord Injuries - physiopathology
Teaching -
Treatment Outcome -
User-Computer Interface -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
functional MRI
motor recovery
brain-computer interface
spinal cord injury
motor imagery
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