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Sibgatulin, R; Güllmar, D; Deistung, A; Ropele, S; Reichenbach, JR.
In vivo assessment of anisotropy of apparent magnetic susceptibility in white matter from a single orientation acquisition.
Neuroimage. 2021; 241:118442 Doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.118442 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Ropele Stefan

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Multiple studies have reported a significant dependence of the effective transverse relaxation rate constant (R2*) and the phase of gradient-echo based (GRE) signal on the orientation of white matter fibres in the human brain. It has also been hypothesized that magnetic susceptibility, as obtained by single-orientation quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM), exhibits such a dependence. In this study, we investigated this hypothesized relationship in a cohort of healthy volunteers. We show that R2* follows the predicted orientation dependence consistently across white matter regions, whereas the apparent magnetic susceptibility is related differently to fibre orientation across the brain and often in a complex non-monotonic manner. In addition, we explored the effect of fractional anisotropy measured by diffusion-weighted MRI on the strength of the orientation dependence and observed only a limited influence in many regions. However, with careful consideration of such an impact and the limitations imposed by the ill-posed nature of the dipole inversion process, it is possible to study magnetic susceptibility anisotropy in specific brain regions with a single orientation acquisition.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult - administration & dosage
Aged - administration & dosage
Anisotropy - administration & dosage
Brain - diagnostic imaging, physiology
Cohort Studies - administration & dosage
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging - methods, standards
Female - administration & dosage
Humans - administration & dosage
Male - administration & dosage
Middle Aged - administration & dosage
Orientation - physiology
White Matter - diagnostic imaging, physiology
Young Adult - administration & dosage

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Quantitative susceptibility mapping
Orientation dependence
White matter
Tissue microstructure
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