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Goswami, N; Taucher, AA; Brix, B; Roessler, A; Koestenberger, M; Reibnegger, G; Cvirn, G.
Coagulation Changes during Central Hypovolemia across Seasons.
J Clin Med. 2020; 9(11): Doi: 10.3390/jcm9113461 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Goswami Nandu
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Cvirn Gerhard
Koestenberger Martin
Reibnegger Gilbert
Rössler Andreas
Steuber Bianca

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Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) application simulates hemorrhage. We investigated how seasons affect coagulation values at rest and during LBNP. Healthy participants were tested in cold (November-April) and warm (May-October) months. Following a 30-min supine period, LBNP was started at -10 mmHg and increased by -10 mmHg every five minutes until a maximum of -40 mmHg. Recovery was for 10 min. Blood was collected at baseline, end of LBNP, and end of recovery. Hemostatic profiling included standard coagulation tests, calibrated automated thrombogram, thrombelastometry, impedance aggregometry, and thrombin formation markers. Seven men (25.0 ± 3.6 years, 79.7 ± 7.8 kg weight, 182.4 ± 3.3 cm height, and 23.8 ± 2.3 kg/m2 BMI) and six women (25.0 ± 2.4 years, 61.0 ± 8.4 kg weight, 167 ± 4.7 cm height, and 21.8 ± 2.4 kg/m2 BMI) participated. Baseline levels of prothrombin (FII), tissue factor (TF) and markers for thrombin generation F1+2 and the thrombin/antithrombin complex (TAT) were higher during summer. Factor VIII, prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2), TAT and the coagulation time showed significant increases during LBNP in both seasons. Some calibrated automated thrombography variables (Calibrated automated thrombography (CAT): lag, time to peak (ttPeak), peak) shifted in a procoagulant direction during LBNP in summer. Red blood cell counts (RBC), hemoglobin and white blood cell counts (WBC) decreased during LBNP. LBNP application reduced prothrombin time in winter and activated partial thromboplastin time in summer. Greater levels of FII, TF, F1+2, and TAT-a more pronounced LBNP-induced procoagulative effect, especially in CAT parameters (lag time (LT), Peak, ttPeak, Velindex)-were seen in summer. These results could have substantial medical implications.

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