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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Zhou, Q; Usluer, S; Zhang, F; Lenard, AJ; Bourgeois, BMR; Madl, T.
ATP regulates RNA-driven cold inducible RNA binding protein phase separation.
PROTEIN SCI. 2021; 30(7): 1438-1453. Doi: 10.1002/pro.4123 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Madl Tobias
Zhou Qishun
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Bourgeois Benjamin Michel Rene
Lenard Aneta
Usluer Sinem
Zhang Fangrong

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Intrinsically disordered proteins and proteins containing intrinsically disordered regions are highly abundant in the proteome of eukaryotes and are extensively involved in essential biological functions. More recently, their role in the organization of biomolecular condensates has become evident and along with their misregulation in several neurologic disorders. Currently, most studies involving these proteins are carried out in vitro and using purified proteins. Given that in cells, condensate-forming proteins are exposed to high, millimolar concentrations of cellular metabolites, we aimed to reveal the interactions of cellular metabolites and a representative condensate-forming protein. Here, using the arginine-glycine/arginine-glycine-glycine (RG/RGG)-rich cold inducible RNA binding protein (CIRBP) as paradigm, we studied binding of the cellular metabolome to CIRBP. We found that most of the highly abundant cellular metabolites, except nucleotides, do not directly bind to CIRBP. ATP, ADP, and AMP as well as NAD+ , NADH, NADP+ , and NADPH directly interact with CIRBP, involving both the folded RNA-recognition motif and the disordered RG/RGG region. ATP binding inhibited RNA-driven phase separation of CIRBP. Thus, it might be beneficial to include cellular metabolites in in vitro liquid-liquid phase separation studies of RG/RGG and other condensate-forming proteins in order to better mimic the cellular environment in the future.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
disordered protein
liquid phase separation
RGG region
binding protein
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