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Grasby, KL; Jahanshad, N; Painter, JN; Colodro-Conde, L; Bralten, J; Hibar, DP; Lind, PA; Pizzagalli, F; Ching, CRK; McMahon, MAB; Shatokhina, N; Zsembik, LCP; Thomopoulos, SI; Zhu, AH; Strike, LT; Agartz, I; Alhusaini, S; Almeida, MAA; Alnæs, D; Amlien, IK; Andersson, M; Ard, T; Armstrong, NJ; Ashley-Koch, A; Atkins, JR; Bernard, M; Brouwer, RM; Buimer, EEL; Bülow, R; Bürger, C; Cannon, DM; Chakravarty, M; Chen, Q; Cheung, JW; Couvy-Duchesne, B; Dale, AM; Dalvie, S; de Araujo, TK; de Zubicaray, GI; de Zwarte, SMC; den Braber, A; Doan, NT; Dohm, K; Ehrlich, S; Engelbrecht, HR; Erk, S; Fan, CC; Fedko, IO; Foley, SF; Ford, JM; Fukunaga, M; Garrett, ME; Ge, T; Giddaluru, S; Goldman, AL; Green, MJ; Groenewold, NA; Grotegerd, D; Gurholt, TP; Gutman, BA; Hansell, NK; Harris, MA; Harrison, MB; Haswell, CC; Hauser, M; Herms, S; Heslenfeld, DJ; Ho, NF; Hoehn, D; Hoffmann, P; Holleran, L; Hoogman, M; Hottenga, JJ; Ikeda, M; Janowitz, D; Jansen, IE; Jia, T; Jockwitz, C; Kanai, R; Karama, S; Kasperaviciute, D; Kaufmann, T; Kelly, S; Kikuchi, M; Klein, M; Knapp, M; Knodt, AR; Krämer, B; Lam, M; Lancaster, TM; Lee, PH; Lett, TA; Lewis, LB; Lopes-Cendes, I; Luciano, M; Macciardi, F; Marquand, AF; Mathias, SR; Melzer, TR; Milaneschi, Y; Mirza-Schreiber, N; Moreira, JCV; Mühleisen, TW; Müller-Myhsok, B; Najt, P; Nakahara, S; Nho, K; Olde Loohuis, LM; Orfanos, DP; Pearson, JF; Pitcher, TL; Pütz, B; Quidé, Y; Ragothaman, A; Rashid, FM; Reay, WR; Redlich, R; Reinbold, CS; Repple, J; Richard, G; Riedel, BC; Risacher, SL; Rocha, CS; Mota, NR; Salminen, L; Saremi, A; Saykin, AJ; Schlag, F; Schmaal, L; Schofield, PR; Secolin, R; Shapland, CY; Shen, L; Shin, J; Shumskaya, E; Sønderby, IE; Sprooten, E; Tansey, KE; Teumer, A; Thalamuthu, A; Tordesillas-Gutiérrez, D; Turner, JA; Uhlmann, A; Vallerga, CL; van der Meer, D; van Donkelaar, MMJ; van Eijk, L; van Erp, TGM; van Haren, NEM; van Rooij, D; van Tol, MJ; Veldink, JH; Verhoef, E; Walton, E; Wang, M; Wang, Y; Wardlaw, JM; Wen, W; Westlye, LT; Whelan, CD; Witt, SH; Wittfeld, K; Wolf, C; Wolfers, T; Wu, JQ; Yasuda, CL; Zaremba, D; Zhang, Z; Zwiers, MP; Artiges, E; Assareh, AA; Ayesa-Arriola, R; Belger, A; Brandt, CL; Brown, GG; Cichon, S; Curran, JE; Davies, GE; Degenhardt, F; Dennis, MF; Dietsche, B; Djurovic, S; Doherty, CP; Espiritu, R; Garijo, D; Gil, Y; Gowland, PA; Green, RC; Häusler, AN; Heindel, W; Ho, BC; Hoffmann, WU; Holsboer, F; Homuth, G; Hosten, N; Jack, CR; Jang, M; Jansen, A; Kimbrel, NA; Kolskår, K; Koops, S; Krug, A; Lim, KO; Luykx, JJ; Mathalon, DH; Mather, KA; Mattay, VS; Matthews, S; Mayoral Van Son, J; McEwen, SC; Melle, I; Morris, DW; Mueller, BA; Nauck, M; Nordvik, JE; Nöthen, MM; O'Leary, DS; Opel, N; Martinot, MP; Pike, GB; Preda, A; Quinlan, EB; Rasser, PE; Ratnakar, V; Reppermund, S; Steen, VM; Tooney, PA; Torres, FR; Veltman, DJ; Voyvodic, JT; Whelan, R; White, T; Yamamori, H; Adams, HHH; Bis, JC; Debette, S; Decarli, C; Fornage, M; Gudnason, V; Hofer, E; Ikram, MA; Launer, L; Longstreth, WT; Lopez, OL; Mazoyer, B; Mosley, TH; Roshchupkin, GV; Satizabal, CL; Schmidt, R; Seshadri, S; Yang, Q; Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative; CHARGE Consortium; EPIGEN Consortium; IMAGEN Consortium; SYS Consortium; Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative; Alvim, MKM; Ames, D; Anderson, TJ; Andreassen, OA; Arias-Vasquez, A; Bastin, ME; Baune, BT; Beckham, JC; Blangero, J; Boomsma, DI; Brodaty, H; Brunner, HG; Buckner, RL; Buitelaar, JK; Bustillo, JR; Cahn, W; Cairns, MJ; Calhoun, V; Carr, V ....
The genetic architecture of the human cerebral cortex.
Science. 2020; 367(6484): [OPEN ACCESS]
PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Hofer Edith
Schmidt Reinhold
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Abstract:
The cerebral cortex underlies our complex cognitive capabilities, yet little is known about the specific genetic loci that influence human cortical structure. To identify genetic variants that affect cortical structure, we conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of brain magnetic resonance imaging data from 51,665 individuals. We analyzed the surface area and average thickness of the whole cortex and 34 regions with known functional specializations. We identified 199 significant loci and found significant enrichment for loci influencing total surface area within regulatory elements that are active during prenatal cortical development, supporting the radial unit hypothesis. Loci that affect regional surface area cluster near genes in Wnt signaling pathways, which influence progenitor expansion and areal identity. Variation in cortical structure is genetically correlated with cognitive function, Parkinson's disease, insomnia, depression, neuroticism, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Copyright © 2020 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.

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