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Schmiedecker, M; Krenn, S; Waller, M; Paschen, C; Mussnig, S; Niknam, J; Wabel, P; Mayer, CC; Hecking, M; Schneditz, D.
Ultrafiltration-induced decrease in relative blood volume is larger in hemodialysis patients with low specific blood volume: Results from a dialysate bolus administration study
HEMODIAL INT. 2023; Doi: 10.1111/hdi.13066
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Schneditz Daniel

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IntroductionPrescribing the ultrafiltration in hemodialysis patients remains challenging and might benefit from the information on absolute blood volume, estimated by intradialytic dialysate bolus administration. Here, we aimed at determining the relationship between absolute blood volume, normalized for body mass (specific blood volume, Vs), and ultrafiltration-induced decrease in relative blood volume ( increment RBV) as well as clinical parameters including body mass index (BMI). MethodsThis retrospective analysis comprised 77 patients who had their dialysate bolus-based absolute blood volume extracted routinely with an automated method. Patient-specific characteristics and increment RBV were analyzed as a function of Vs, dichotomizing the data above or below a previously proposed threshold of 65 ml/kg for Vs. Statistical methodology comprised descriptive analyses, two-group comparisons, and correlation analyses. FindingsMedian Vs was 68.6 ml/kg (54.9 ml/kg [Quartile 1], 83.4 ml/kg [Quartile 3]). Relative blood volume decreased by 6.3% (2.6%, 12.2%) over the entire hemodialysis session. Vs correlated inversely with BMI (r(s) = -0.688, p < 0.001). increment RBV was 9.8% in the group of patients with Vs <65 ml/kg versus 6.0% in the group of patients with Vs >= 65 ml/kg (p = 0.024). The two groups did not differ significantly regarding their specific ultrafiltration volume, normalized for body mass, which amounted to 34.1 ml/kg and 36.0 ml/kg in both groups, respectively (p = 0.630). increment RBV correlated inversely with Vs (r(s) = -0.299, p = 0.008). DiscussionThe present study suggests that patients with higher BMI and lower Vs experience larger blood volume changes, despite similar ultrafiltration requirements. These results underline the clinical plausibility and importance of dialysate bolus-based absolute blood volume determination in the assessment of target weight, especially in view of a previous study where intradialytic morbid events could be decreased when the target weight was adjusted, based on Vs.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
blood volume
chronic kidney disease
fluid status
renal dialysis
renal insufficiency
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