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Mautner, E; Stern, C; Avian, A; Deutsch, M; Fluhr, H; Greimel, E.
Maternal Resilience and Postpartum Depression at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
Front Pediatr. 2022; 10: 864373 Doi: 10.3389/fped.2022.864373 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Mautner Eva
Stern Christina
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Avian Alexander
Fluhr Herbert
Greimel Elfriede Renate

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Background: The neonatal intensive care unit causes maternal stress and postpartum depressive symptoms in preterm and term mothers. Personal resources like maternal resilience are usually not considered in counselling these women. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the resilience and differences in postpartum depression after admission of newborns at the neonatal intensive care unit. Methods: This prospective pilot study was conducted in a single teaching hospital in Austria from December 2016 until December 2018. Sixty women completed two internationally validated questionnaires, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) to evaluate depressive symptoms and the Resilience Scale RS-13 to measure maternal resilience during the postpartum period (3 to 10 days postpartum). Additionally, women answered two open questions about burdens and relief. Results: Twenty women (34%) showed lower resilience scores. The 39 high-resilient women (66%) showed significantly less depression (p = 0.005). Women reported social support from their partner (n = 15), health professionals and psychologists (n = 15), family and friends (n = 12), and child-specific relief, e.g., spending time with the newborn and involvement in care (n = 7) as the most helpful variable during the first postpartum period. Conclusion: The experience of having a newborn at the neonatal intensive care unit is a challenging event for women. Women have different resilience parameters. Mothers with lower resilience will benefit from social support and emotional health-promoting activities.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
neonatal intensive care unit
depressive symptoms
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