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Voglhuber, J; Ljubojevic-Holzer, S; Abdellatif, M; Sedej, S.
Targeting Cardiovascular Risk Factors Through Dietary Adaptations and Caloric Restriction Mimetics.
Front Nutr. 2021; 8: 758058 Doi: 10.3389/fnut.2021.758058 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Sedej Simon
Voglhuber Julia
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Abdellatif Mahmoud
Holzer Senka

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The average human life expectancy continues to rise globally and so does the prevalence and absolute burden of cardiovascular disease. Dietary restriction promotes longevity and improves various cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and metabolic syndrome. However, low adherence to caloric restriction renders this stringent dietary intervention challenging to adopt as a standard practice for cardiovascular disease prevention. Hence, alternative eating patterns and strategies that recapitulate the salutary benefits of caloric restriction are under intense investigation. Here, we first provide an overview of alternative interventions, including intermittent fasting, alternate-day fasting and the Mediterranean diet, along with their cardiometabolic effects in animal models and humans. We then present emerging pharmacological alternatives, including spermidine, NAD+ precursors, resveratrol, and metformin, as promising caloric restriction mimetics, and briefly touch on the mechanisms underpinning their cardiometabolic and health-promoting effects. We conclude that implementation of feasible dietary approaches holds the promise to attenuate the burden of cardiovascular disease and facilitate healthy aging in humans.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
cardiovascular risk factors
caloric restriction mimetics
dietary regimens
caloric restriction
intermittent fasting
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