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Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Xie, H; Heier, C; Kien, B; Vesely, PW; Tang, ZY; Sexl, V; Schoiswohl, G; Striessnig-Bina, I; Hoefler, G; Zechner, R; Schweiger, M.
Adipose triglyceride lipase activity regulates cancer cell proliferation via AMP-kinase and mTOR signaling
BBA-MOL CELL BIOL L. 2020; 1865(9): 158737
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Hoefler Gerald
Kien Benedikt
Strießnig-Bina Isabelle
Vesely Paul

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Aberrant fatty acid (FA) metabolism is a hallmark of proliferating cells, including untransformed fibroblasts or cancer cells. Lipolysis of intracellular triglyceride (TG) stores by adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) provides an important source of FAs serving as energy substrates, signaling molecules, and precursors for membrane lipids. To investigate if ATGL-mediated lipolysis impacts cell proliferation, we modified ATGL activity in murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and in five different cancer cell lines to determine the consequences on cell growth and metabolism. Genetic or pharmacological inhibition of ATGL in MEFs causes impaired FA oxidation, decreased ROS production, and a substrate switch from FA to glucose leading to decreased AMPK-mTOR signaling and higher cell proliferation rates. ATGL expression in these cancer cells is low when compared to MEFs. Additional ATGL knockdown in cancer cells did not significantly affect cellular lipid metabolism or cell proliferation whereas the ectopic overexpression of ATGL increased lipolysis and reduced proliferation. In contrast to ATGL silencing, pharmacological inhibition of ATGL by Atglistatin(C) impeded the proliferation of diverse cancer cell lines, which points at an ATGL-independent effect. Our data indicate a crucial role of ATGL-mediated lipolysis in the regulation of cell proliferation. The observed low ATGL activity in cancer cells may represent an evolutionary selection process and mechanism to sustain high cell proliferation rates. As the increasing ATGL activity decelerates proliferation of five different cancer cell lines this may represent a novel therapeutic strategy to counteract uncontrolled cell growth.

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