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Reininghaus, B; Riedrich, K; Dalkner, N; Falzberger, VS; Rieger, A; Lehner, LA; Hamm, C; Platzer, M; Queissner, R; Fellendorf, FT; Birner, A; Bengesser, S; Altmanninger, A; Ortler, C; Sehling, K; Spanner, K; Strutzenberger, A; Trautwein, C; Reininghaus, EZ.
The Outcome of Psychiatric Rehabilitation Treatment Depends on Affective State at the Time of Admission.
Psychiatr Danub. 2022; 34(4): 644-652. Doi: 10.24869/psyd.2022.644
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Dalkner Nina
Reininghaus Bernd
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Bengesser Susanne
Birner Armin
Fellendorf Frederike
Hamm Carlo
Platzer Martina
Queissner Robert
Reininghaus Eva
Rieger Alexandra
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Abstract:
BACKGROUND: In Austria, new approaches of rehabilitation programs focus on the prevention of mental illness and offer treatment not only for acute psychiatric patients, but also for those who are at risk of developing a mental disorder or have recovered from one.The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a psychiatric rehabilitation program on individuals with different mood states. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 600 patients with a history of affective disorder were tested at the time of admission to an Austrian inpatient psychiatric rehabilitation center. Data of extreme groups - patients who were depressed (n=59; BDI-II<9 and HAMD<8) or euthymic (n=59; BDI<18 and HAMD>19) at the time of therapy start - were analyzed. The participants completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey, the Symptom Checklist - Revised and the Stress Coping Questionnaire at the beginning and the end of the 6-weeks rehabilitation program. RESULTS: After 6 weeks, both groups showed significantly less psychiatric symptoms (BDI-II, HAMD, SCL-90, and negative coping strategies (SVF). Importantly, work-related stress symptoms ("burnout" symptoms) improved significantly in the euthymic group. CONCLUSIONS: Euthymic patients seem to be able to focus on work-related stress symptoms including reduced emotional exhaustion through treatment, while currently depressed patients primarily benefit by an improvement in general psychiatric symptomatology. The results indicate the crucial role of mood state validated with standardized psychological questionnaires BDI-II and HAMD at time of admission to such programs. These findings could have implications on treatment decisions for psychiatric patients and assist in making a forecast concerning ability to recover and treatment prognosis.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Humans - administration & dosage
Psychiatric Rehabilitation - administration & dosage
Hospitalization - administration & dosage
Depression - psychology
Occupational Stress - administration & dosage
Burnout, Professional - psychology
Cyclothymic Disorder - administration & dosage

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