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Gewählte Publikation:

Mooij, P; de Wit, HJ; Bloot, AM; Wilders-Truschnig, MM; Drexhage, HA.
Iodine deficiency induces thyroid autoimmune reactivity in Wistar rats.
Endocrinology. 1993; 133(3):1197-1204
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Truschnig-Wilders Martini
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Abstract:
The last 2 decades it has become clear that iodine deficiency has a modulating effect on the thyroid autoimmune response in humans. Also, in animals that spontaneously develop autoimmune thyroid disease, evidence is accumulating that a low iodine intake can modulate thyroid autoimmune reactivity. However, it is still not clear what the effect of a low iodine intake on thyroid autoimmune reactivity is in normal nonautoimmune animals. To study the relationship of a dietary low iodine intake on the thyroid autoimmune reactivity in nonautoimmune animals, normal Wistar rats (female) were kept on an enriched iodine diet (daily iodine intake of 100 micrograms iodine), a "for our area normal" (conventional) diet (COD; daily iodine intake of 7 micrograms iodine), a low iodine diet (LID; 2 days of 1% KCLO4, followed by iodine-deficient drinking water/pellets), or an extremely low iodine diet (LID+; 1% KCLO4 continuously in the drinking water and iodine-deficient pellets). The enriched iodine diet rats were euthyroid (T3, approximately 8 nM/liter: T4, approximately 50 nM/liter; TSH, approximately 2 ng/ml), had a normal thyroid weight (approximately 12.5 mg), and showed only minimal signs of local thyroid immune reactivity; low numbers of intrathyroidal dendritic cells (DC; approximately 35 DC/mm2), CD4+ cells (approximately 2 cells/mm2), and CD8+ cells (approximately 2.5 cells/mm2) were found in combination with low anticolloid antibody production (incidence of positive animals, 12.5%). The COD resulted in a normal thyroid function. The rats were euthyroid (range of T3, 1.6-1.2 nM/liter; T4, approximately 50 nM/liter; TSH, approximately 2 ng/ml) and had a normal thyroid weight (approximately 12.5 mg). However, some signs of thyroid autoimmune reactivity were found [number of intrathyroidal DC, approximately 40/mm2; approximately 3 CD4-positive (CD+) cells/mm2; approximately 3 CD8+ cells/mm2; together with a 30% incidence of anticolloid antibodies]. The LID and LID+ not only induced goiter formation [thyroid weight, 27.3 +/- 4.2 mg (mean +/- SD) after 12 weeks of LID and 38.4 +/- 5.3 mg after 4 weeks of LID+] and low production of T4 by the thyroid [28 +/- 3 nM/liter (mean +/- SD)] after 12 weeks of LID and 14 +/- 3 nM/liter after 2 weeks of LID+], but also induced various signs of thyroid autoimmune reactivity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Antigens, CD8 - analysis
Autoantibodies - biosynthesis
Autoimmune Diseases - chemically induced
CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes - immunology
Diet -
Female -
Goiter - etiology
Iodine - administration & dosage
Leukocyte Count -
Lymphocytes - immunology
Organ Size -
Rats -
Rats, Wistar -
Thyroid Diseases - chemically induced
Thyroid Gland - immunology

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