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Regauer, S; Reich, O; Kashofer, K.
Thin variant of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion - relationship with high-risk and possibly carcinogenic human papilloma virus subtypes and somatic cancer gene mutations.
HISTOPATHOLOGY. 2019; 75(3): 405-412. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Kashofer Karl
Regauer Sigrid
Reich Olaf
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Abstract:
To further characterise the thin variant of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) of the cervix defined by the World Health Organization as full-thickness HSILs with nine or fewer cell layers. We examined 31 excisional cervical specimens featuring exclusively p16INK4a -overexpressing thin HSILs with respect to size, location at the squamocolumnar junction or endocervical mucosa, human papilloma virus (HPV) subtypes (pretherapeutic clinical HPV tests and HPV genotyping on lesional tissue after excision), and somatic mutations in 50 cancer genes. Thin HSILs were typically solitary lesions, located at the squamocolumnar junction (20/31; 65%), in the endocervical columnar epithelium (6/31; 19%), and in both locations (5/31; 16%). The horizontal extension of thin HSILs ranged from 100 µm to 8 mm, with 30% being <1 mm. HPV data were available for 27 specimens. Twenty of 27 (74%) thin HSILs showed high-risk HPV subtypes: HPV16 (n = 8), HPV16 with coinfection (n = 2), HPV18 (n = 1), HPV31 (n = 1), HPV33 (n = 2), HPV52/58 (n = 2), and 'other' high-risk HPV genotypes (n = 4). Five of 27 (19%) thin HSILs showed possibly carcinogenic subtypes: HPV53 (n = 3), HPV73 (n = 1), and HPV82 (n = 1). One thin HSIL was induced by low-risk HPV6 and one by the unclassified subtype HPV44. Somatic gene mutations were not identified. Thin HSILs were typically small lesions without somatic gene mutations. Two-thirds of thin HSILs developed after a transforming infection with high-risk HPV subtypes, and one-third were induced by non-high-risk HPV subtypes. If cervical cancer screening relies solely on presently available clinical HPV DNA tests, a significant percentage of women with HSIL will be missed. © 2019 The Authors. Histopathology Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
cancer hotspot panel
cervical carcinogenesis
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
HPV cervical cancer screening
p16(INK4a) overexpression
somatic gene mutations
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