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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid

Viaroli, F; Cheung, PY; O'Reilly, M; Polglase, GR; Pichler, G; Schmolzer, GM.
Reducing Brain Injury of Preterm Infants in the Delivery Room
FRONT PEDIATR. 2018; 6: 290 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Authors Med Uni Graz:
Pichler Gerhard
Schmoelzer Georg
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Abstract:
Cerebrovascular injury is one of the major detrimental consequences of preterm birth. Recent studies have focused their attention on factors that contribute to the development of brain lesions immediately after birth. Among those factors, hypothermia and lower cerebral oxygen saturation during delivery room resuscitation and high tidal volumes delivered during respiratory support are associated with increased risk of severe neurologic injury. In preterm infants, knowledge about causes and prevention of brain injury must be applied before and at birth. Preventive and therapeutic approaches, including correct timing of cord clamping, monitoring of physiological changes during delivery room resuscitation using pulse oximetry, respiratory function monitoring, near infrared spectroscopy, and alpha EEG, may minimize brain injury, Furthermore, postnatal administration of caffeine or other potential novel treatments (e.g., proangiogenic therapies, antioxidants, hormones, or stem cells) might improve long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
infants
newborn
neonatal resuscitation
very low birth weight infants
brain injury
intraventricular hemorrhage
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