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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid

Kaiser, M; Castellani, C; Singer, G; Marterer, R; Ratschek, M; Till, H.
Huge Congenital Segmental Dilatation of the Sigmoid Colon in a Neonate: A "Rarity to Meet" and a "Challenge to Treat".
Case Rep Pediatr. 2016; 2016(2):9685307-9685307 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Castellani Christoph
Eibisberger Margarita
Marterer Robert
Ratschek Manfred
Singer Georg
Till Holger
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Abstract:
Only ten cases of neonatal congenital segmental dilatation (CSD) of the colon have been described so far. We present a full-term female newborn with trisomy 21, ventricular septal defect, and gross abdominal distension. Plain abdominal radiographs revealed a huge cystic lesion occupying the left hemiabdomen. Upon laparotomy on day 4 a CSD of the distal sigmoid and proximal rectum was confirmed and resected. The proximal colon was exteriorized and the distal part closed as a Hartmann pouch. Histology confirmed a huge segmental dilatation of the sigmoid without dysganglionosis or pseudodiverticula, but normal intestinal architecture. After correction of the ventricular septal defect a low rectal end-to-end anastomosis could be performed at an age of 5 months. The postoperative course was uneventful. CSD of the sigmoid colon is extremely "rare to meet" and a "challenge to treat" in the newborn period, but clinical awareness of this entity prompts pediatric surgical success.

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