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Hinton, R; Budimirovic, DB; Marschik, PB; Talisa, VB; Einspieler, C; Gipson, T; Johnston, MV.
Parental reports on early language and motor milestones in fragile X syndrome with and without autism spectrum disorders.
Dev Neurorehabil. 2013; 16(1):58-66
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Einspieler Christa
Marschik Peter
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Abstract:
Objective: This study examined features of early language and motor milestones in children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) and contrasted these features with a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) later in life in these children. Methods: We retrospectively examined parental report of age of onset for walking and first words for primarily boys with FXS, both with ASD (FXS + ASD) and FXS-only. The diagnosis of ASD was established by DSM-IV criteria, which were complemented by the ADOS. The age of onset was analyzed as a continuous and categorical variable, which were compared to the upper limit of typically developing children. Results: Individuals with FXS-only are more delayed in the onset of first words than first walks. The finding represents a pattern suggesting a continuum as robustly demonstrated in individuals with FXS + ASD vs. FXS-only. Conclusion: Our results support validity of FXS + ASD co-morbidity as a distinct phenotype in individuals with FXS.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Child -
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive - epidemiology Child Development Disorders, Pervasive - physiopathology Child Development Disorders, Pervasive - rehabilitation
Female -
Fragile X Syndrome - epidemiology Fragile X Syndrome - physiopathology Fragile X Syndrome - rehabilitation
Humans -
Language Development -
Male -
Parents -
Phenotype -
Questionnaires -
Retrospective Studies -
Walking -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Autism
autism spectrum disorders
fragile X
language
milestones
motor development
questionnaire
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