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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Posch, F; Prinz, F; Balihodzic, A; Mayr, C; Kiesslich, T; Klec, C; Jonas, K; Barth, DA; Riedl, JM; Gerger, A; Pichler, M.
MiR-200c-3p Modulates Cisplatin Resistance in Biliary Tract Cancer by ZEB1-Independent Mechanisms.
Cancers (Basel). 2021; 13(16): Doi: 10.3390/cancers13163996 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Pichler Martin
Posch Florian
Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Balihodzic Amar
Barth Dominik Andreas
Gerger Armin
Jonas Katharina
Klec Christiane
Prinz Felix
Riedl Jakob
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Abstract:
Biliary tract cancer is a major global health issue in cancer-related mortality. Therapeutic options are limited, and cisplatin-based treatment schedules represent the mainstay of first-line therapeutic strategies. Although the gain of survival by the addition of cisplatin to gemcitabine is moderate, acquired cisplatin resistance frequently leads to treatment failures with mechanisms that are still poorly understood. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a dynamic process that changes the shape, function, and gene expression pattern of biliary tract cancer cells. In this study, we explored the influence of the EMT-regulating miR-200c-3p on cisplatin sensitivity in biliary tract cancer cells. Using gain of function experiments, we demonstrated that miR-200c-3p regulates epithelial cell markers through the downregulation of the transcription factor ZEB1. MiR-200c-3p upregulation led to a decreased sensitivity against cisplatin, as observed in transient overexpression models as well as in cell lines stably overexpressing miR-200c-3p. The underlying mechanism seems to be independent of miR-200c-3p's influence on ZEB1 expression, as ZEB1 knockdown resulted in the opposite effect on cisplatin resistance, which was abolished when ZEB1 knockdown and miR-200c-3p overexpression occurred in parallel. Using a gene panel of 40 genes that were previously associated with cisplatin resistance, two (Dual Specificity Phosphatase 16 (DUSP16) and Stratifin (SFN)) were identified as significantly (>2 fold, p-value < 0.05) up-regulated in miR-200c-3p overexpressing cells. In conclusion, miR-200c-3p might be an important contributor to cisplatin resistance in biliary tract cancer, independently of its interaction with ZEB1.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
biliary tract cancer
chemoresistance
cisplatin resistance
epithelial-mesenchymal transition
miR-200c-3p
ZEB1
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