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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Jonas, K; Calin, GA; Pichler, M.
RNA-Binding Proteins as Important Regulators of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer.
Int J Mol Sci. 2020; 21(8): Doi: 10.3390/ijms21082969 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Jonas Katharina
Pichler Martin
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Abstract:
The majority of the genome is transcribed into pieces of non-(protein) coding RNA, among which long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) constitute a large group of particularly versatile molecules that govern basic cellular processes including transcription, splicing, RNA stability, and translation. The frequent deregulation of numerous lncRNAs in cancer is known to contribute to virtually all hallmarks of cancer. An important regulatory mechanism of lncRNAs is the post-transcriptional regulation mediated by RNA-binding proteins (RBPs). So far, however, only a small number of known cancer-associated lncRNAs have been found to be regulated by the interaction with RBPs like human antigen R (HuR), ARE/poly(U)-binding/degradation factor 1 (AUF1), insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1), and tristetraprolin (TTP). These RBPs regulate, by various means, two aspects in particular, namely the stability and the localization of lncRNAs. Importantly, these RBPs themselves are commonly deregulated in cancer and might thus play a major role in the deregulation of cancer-related lncRNAs. There are, however, still many open questions, for example regarding the context specificity of these regulatory mechanisms that, in part, is based on the synergistic or competitive interaction between different RBPs. There is also a lack of knowledge on how RBPs facilitate the transport of lncRNAs between different cellular compartments.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs)
RNA-binding proteins (RBPs)
cancer
post-transcriptional regulation
RNA stability
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