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Dalkner, N; Bengesser, SA; Birner, A; Fellendorf, FT; Hamm, C; Platzer, M; Pilz, R; Queissner, R; Rieger, A; Weber, B; Kapfhammer, HP; Weiss, EM; Reininghaus, EZ.
The relationship between "Eyes Reading" ability and verbal memory in bipolar disorder.
Psychiatry Res. 2019; 273:42-51
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Bengesser Susanne
Birner Armin
Dalkner Nina
Fellendorf Frederike
Hamm Carlo
Kapfhammer Hans-Peter
Pilz Rene
Platzer Martina
Queissner Robert
Reininghaus Eva
Rieger Alexandra
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Abstract:
In psychiatric disorders, neurocognitive impairments are prevalent and have been associated with poor outcome. Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM, "mentalising") have also been observed in bipolar disorder (BD); however, the literature shows inconsistent data. The aim of this study was to explore ToM performance in a well-characterized sample of euthymic individuals with BD and its relationship with neurocognitive function. One hundred sixteen euthymic patients with BD between 18 and 74 years (mean age = 42.4, SD = 13.8) and 79 healthy controls (mean age = 39.8, SD = 16.5) were investigated with an extensive neurocognitive test battery (Trail Making Test A/B, d2 Test of Attention, Stroop Color-Word Test, California Verbal Learning Test, Multiple Choice Vocabulary Test). Additionally, all participants were given the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) to measure affective ToM, the ability to make assumptions about other people´s feelings. Overall, "Eyes Reading" performance was not impaired in individuals with BD compared with controls. However, a significant relationship between RMET and verbal memory in BD was shown, particularly in males. Data showed worse RMET performance in patients with memory deficits compared to patients without memory deficits and controls. Due to cross-sectional data, no conclusions can be made with respect to cause and effect. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Theory of Mind
Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test
Bipolar disorder
Social cognition
Verbal learning and memory
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