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Sibgatulin, R; Güllmar, D; Deistung, A; Enzinger, C; Ropele, S; Reichenbach, JR.
Magnetic susceptibility anisotropy in normal appearing white matter in multiple sclerosis from single-orientation acquisition.
Neuroimage Clin. 2022; 35:103059 Doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2022.103059 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Enzinger Christian
Ropele Stefan

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Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) has been successfully applied to study changes in deep grey matter nuclei as well as in lesional tissue, but its application to white matter has been complicated by the observed orientation dependence of gradient echo signal. The anisotropic susceptibility tensor is thought to be at the origin of this orientation dependence, and magnetic susceptibility anisotropy (MSA) derived from this tensor has been proposed as a marker of the state and integrity of the myelin sheath and may therefore be of particular interest for the study of demyelinating pathologies such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Reconstruction of the susceptibility tensor, however, requires repeated measurements with multiple head orientations, rendering the approach impractical for clinical applications. In this study, we combined single-orientation QSM with fibre orientation information to assess apparent MSA in three white matter tracts, i.e., optic radiation (OR), splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC), and superior longitudinal fascicle (SLF), in two cohorts of 64 healthy controls and 89 MS patients. The apparent MSA showed a significant decrease in optic radiation in the MS cohort compared with healthy controls. It decreased in the MS cohort with increasing lesion load in OR and with disease duration in the splenium. All of this suggests demyelination in normal appearing white matter. However, the apparent MSA observed in the SLF pointed to potential systematic issues that require further exploration to realize the full potential of the presented approach. Despite the limitations of such single-orientation ROI-specific estimation, we believe that our clinically feasible approach to study degenerative changes in WM is worthy of further investigation.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Anisotropy - administration & dosage
Humans - administration & dosage
Magnetic Phenomena - administration & dosage
Magnetic Resonance Imaging - administration & dosage
Multiple Sclerosis - diagnostic imaging, pathology
Myelin Sheath - administration & dosage
White Matter - diagnostic imaging, pathology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Multiple sclerosis
Quantitative susceptibility mapping
Orientation dependence
White matter
Magnetic susceptibility anisotropy
Tissue microstructure
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