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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Schoerghuber, M; Pregartner, G; Berghold, A; Lindenau, I; Zweiker, R; Voetsch, A; Mahla, E; Zirlik, A.
How do type of preoperative P2Y12 receptor inhibitor and withdrawal time affect bleeding? Protocol of a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis.
BMJ Open. 2022; 12(3): e060404 Doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-060404 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Berghold Andrea
Schörghuber Michael
Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Lindenau Ines
Mahla Elisabeth
Pregartner Gudrun
Vötsch Andreas
Zirlik Andreas
Zweiker Robert

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INTRODUCTION: In order to reduce the risk of bleeding in patients on P2Y12 receptor inhibitors presenting for non-emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), current guidelines recommend a preoperative discontinuation period of at least three, five and seven days for ticagrelor, clopidogrel and prasugrel, respectively, to allow for recovery of platelet function. However, there is still substantial interinstitutional variation in preoperative management and relevant covariates of CABG-related bleeding are largely elusive so far. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search PubMed (July 2013 to November 2021) and EMBASE (January 2014 to November 2021) using the following terms, MeSH terms and their synonyms: clopidogrel, prasugrel, ticagrelor, dual antiplatelet, P2Y12 receptor inhibitor, CABG, bleeding, haemorrhage. Two independent reviewers will screen all abstracts and full papers for eligibility. Disagreements will be solved by consulting with a third reviewer.The primary outcome is the incidence of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type-4 bleeding depending on type of P2Y12 receptor inhibitor and preoperative withdrawal period. The secondary outcomes are mortality and ischaemic events according to the Academic Research Consortium 2 Consensus Document. We will perform an individual patient data meta-analysis (IPD-MA) with drug-specific preoperative withdrawal time and adjust for demographic and procedural variables. Subgroup analyses will be performed for anaemic patients and patients undergoing non-emergent versus urgent/emergent surgery. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This IPD-MA consists of secondary analyses of existing non-identifiable data and meets the criteria for waiver of ethics review by the local Research Ethics Committee. Data sharing and transfer will be subject to a confidentiality agreement and a data use agreement. Findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publication and conference presentation. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42022291946.

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