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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Campos, DAS; Weihs, D; Rosenkranz, M; Langner, C; Geigl, JB; Tschmelitsch, J; Eberl, T.
Pre- and Postoperative Levels of Carcinoembryonic Antigen in Microsatellite Stable Versus Instable Colon Cancer: a Retrospective Analysis
J GASTROINTEST CANC. 2022; Doi: 10.1007/s12029-022-00841-z
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Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Geigl Jochen Bernd
Langner Cord
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Abstract:
Purpose The prognosis of microsatellite stable (MSS) versus instable (MSI) tumors is an ongoing matter of debate, with differences in expression of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in these two tumor subsets being inconsistently reported to date. The aim of this study was to investigate CEA expression in the context of clinical parameters in MSS and MSI tumors. Methods Clinical, pathological, and biochemical parameters of colon cancer patients who underwent curative surgery were documented in a database and compared between MSS and MSI cases. The pre- to postoperative trend of CEA was analyzed. Survival was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier (log rank) test. Results One hundred sixty-nine patients were included in the study. Compared to those with MSS tumors, there was a higher proportion of preoperatively elevated CEA among those with MSI tumors (p = 0.067). Median CEA values decreased over the pre- to postoperative course with MSS (p = 0.01) but not MSI (p = 0.093) tumors. The distribution of N classification differed between MSS and MSI tumors (p = 0.014). Patients with MSI tumors had superior survival. Conclusion Despite the better prognosis, MSI tumors are associated with increases in CEA. Our findings shed light on discrepancies related to the prognostic evaluation of MSI tumors. Furthermore, in follow-up of colorectal cancers, CEA measurements should be interpreted differently for MSI and MSS tumors.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Colon carcinoma
Microsatellite instability
Carcinoembryonic antigen
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