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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Berger, N; Allerkamp, H; Wadsack, C.
Serine Hydrolases in Lipid Homeostasis of the Placenta-Targets for Placental Function?
Int J Mol Sci. 2022; 23(12): 6851 Doi: 10.3390/ijms23126851 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Berger Natascha
Wadsack Christian
Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Allerkamp Hanna
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Abstract:
The metabolic state of pregnant women and their unborn children changes throughout pregnancy and adapts to the specific needs of each gestational week. These adaptions are accomplished by the actions of enzymes, which regulate the occurrence of their endogenous substrates and products in all three compartments: mother, placenta and the unborn. These enzymes determine bioactive lipid signaling, supply, and storage through the generation or degradation of lipids and fatty acids, respectively. This review focuses on the role of lipid-metabolizing serine hydrolases during normal pregnancy and in pregnancy-associated pathologies, such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, or preterm birth. The biochemical properties of each class of lipid hydrolases are presented, with special emphasis on their role in placental function or dysfunction. While, during a normal pregnancy, an appropriate tonus of bioactive lipids prevails, dysregulation and aberrant signaling occur in diseased states. A better understanding of the dynamics of serine hydrolases across gestation and their involvement in placental lipid homeostasis under physiological and pathophysiological conditions will help to identify new targets for placental function in the future.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
serine hydrolases
lipases
placenta
placental metabolism
pregnancy disorders
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