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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Dumancic, D; Stupin, A; Kozul, M; Seric, V; Kibel, A; Goswami, N; Brix, B; Debeljak, Z; Scitovski, R; Drenjancevic, I.
Increased cerebral vascular resistance underlies preserved cerebral blood flow in response to orthostasis in humans on a high-salt diet
EUR J APPL PHYSIOL. 2023; Doi: 10.1007/s00421-022-05124-w
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Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Goswami Nandu
Steuber Bianca
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Abstract:
Cerebral blood flow autoregulation protects brain tissue from blood pressure variations and maintains cerebral perfusion pressure by changes in vascular resistance. High salt (HS) diet impairs endothelium-dependent vasodilation in many vascular beds, including cerebral microcirculation, and may affect vascular resistance. The aim of present study was to determine if 7-day HS diet affected the reactivity of middle cerebral artery (MCA) to orthostatic challenge in healthy human individuals, and if autoregulatory mechanisms and sympathetic neural regulation were involved in this phenomenon. Twenty-seven persons participated in study (F:21, M:6, age range 19-24). Participants consumed 7-day low-salt (LS) diet (< 2.3 g kitchen salt/day) and afterwards 7-day HS diet (> 11.2 g kitchen salt/day). Blood and urine analysis and anthropomet-ric measurements were performed after each diet. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate and heart rate variability, and cerebral and systemic hemodynamic parameters were recorded simultaneously with transcranial Doppler ultrasound and The Task Force (R) Monitor in response to orthostatic test. Participants remained normotensive during HS diet. Following both, the LS and HS dietary protocols, mean cerebral blood flow (CBF), as well as the velocity time integral and diastolic blood pressure decreased, and cerebral pulsatility index increased after rising up. Importantly, cerebrovascular resistance significantly increased in response to orthostasis only after HS diet. Urine concentration of noradrenaline and vanillylmandelic acid, baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), and sympathetic neural control was significantly decreased in HS diet. Results suggest that CBF in response to orthostatic test was preserved in HS condition due to altered vascular reactivity of MCA, with increased cerebrovascular resistance and blunted BRS and sympathetic activity.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
High salt intake
Transcranial Doppler ultrasound
Orthostatic test
Middle cerebral artery
Endothelium-dependent vasodilation
Catecholamine
Blood pressure
Cerebral autoregulation
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