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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Tarkhnishvili, A; Koentges, C; Pfeil, K; Gollmer, J; Byrne, NJ; Vosko, I; Lueg, J; Vogelbacher, L; Birkle, S; Tang, S; Bon-Nawul, Mwinyella, T; Hoffmann, MM; Odening, KE; Michel, NA; Wolf, D; Stachon, P; Hilgendorf, I; Wallner, M; Ljubojevic-Holzer, S; von, Lewinski, D; Rainer, P; Sedej, S; Sourij, H; Bode, C; Zirlik, A; Bugger, H.
Effects of Short Term Adiponectin Receptor Agonism on Cardiac Function and Energetics in Diabetic db/db Mice.
J Lipid Atheroscler. 2022; 11(2):161-177 Doi: 10.12997/jla.2022.11.2.161 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Bugger Heiko Matthias
Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Anto Michel Nathaly
Byrne Nikole
Gollmer Johannes
Holzer Senka
Pfeil Katharina
Rainer Peter
Sedej Simon
Sourij Harald
von Lewinski Dirk
Vosko Ivan
Wallner Markus
Zirlik Andreas
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Abstract:
Objective: Impaired cardiac efficiency is a hallmark of diabetic cardiomyopathy in models of type 2 diabetes. Adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1) deficiency impairs cardiac efficiency in non-diabetic mice, suggesting that hypoadiponectinemia in type 2 diabetes may contribute to impaired cardiac efficiency due to compromised AdipoR1 signaling. Thus, we investigated whether targeting cardiac adiponectin receptors may improve cardiac function and energetics, and attenuate diabetic cardiomyopathy in type 2 diabetic mice. Methods: A non-selective adiponectin receptor agonist, AdipoRon, and vehicle were injected intraperitoneally into Eight-week-old db/db or C57BLKS/J mice for 10 days. Cardiac morphology and function were evaluated by echocardiography and working heart perfusions. Results: Based on echocardiography, AdipoRon treatment did not alter ejection fraction, left ventricular diameters or left ventricular wall thickness in db/db mice compared to vehicle-treated mice. In isolated working hearts, an impairment in cardiac output and efficiency in db/db mice was not improved by AdipoRon. Mitochondrial respiratory capacity, respiration in the presence of oligomycin, and 4-hydroxynonenal levels were similar among all groups. However, AdipoRon induced a marked shift in the substrate oxidation pattern in db/db mice towards increased reliance on glucose utilization. In parallel, the diabetes-associated increase in serum triglyceride levels in vehicle-treated db/db mice was blunted by AdipoRon treatment, while an increase in myocardial triglycerides in vehicle-treated db/db mice was not altered by AdipoRon treatment. Conclusion: AdipoRon treatment shifts myocardial substrate preference towards increased glucose utilization, likely by decreasing fatty acid delivery to the heart, but was not sufficient to improve cardiac output and efficiency in db/db mice.

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