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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Berboth, L; Zirngast, B; Manninger, M; Steendijk, P; Tschöpe, C; Scherr, D; Hinghofer-Szalkay, HG; Goswami, N; Petersen, LG; Mächler, H; Alogna, A.
Graded lower body negative pressure induces intraventricular negative pressures and incremental diastolic suction: a pressure-volume study in a porcine model.
J Appl Physiol (1985). 2022; 133(1):20-26 Doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00110.2022
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Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Alogna Alessio
Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Goswami Nandu
Hinghofer-Szalkay Helmut
Mächler Heinrich
Manninger-Wünscher Martin
Scherr Daniel
Zirngast Birgit

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Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) is a tool to study compensatory mechanisms to central hypovolemia for decades. However, the underlying hemodynamic mechanisms were mostly assessed noninvasively and remain unclear. We hypothesized that incremental LBNP reduces diastolic filling and thereby affects left ventricular (LV) diastolic suction (DS). Here, we investigated the impact of graded LBNP at three different levels of seal as well as during β-adrenergic stimulation by invasive pressure-volume (PV) analysis. Eight Landrace pigs were instrumented closed-chest for PV assessment. LBNP was applied at three consecutive locations: I) cranial, 10 cm below xiphoid process; II) medial, half-way between cranial and caudal; III) caudal, at the iliac spine. Level III was repeated under dobutamine infusion. At each level, baseline measurements were followed by application of incremental LBNP of -15, -30, and -45 mmHg. LBNP induced varying degrees of preload-dependent hemodynamic changes, with cranial LBNP inducing more pronounced effects than caudal. According to the Frank-Starling mechanism, graded LBNP progressively reduced LV stroke volume (LV SV) following a decrease in LV end-diastolic volume. Negative intraventricular minimal pressures were observed during dobutamine-infusion as well as higher levels of LBNP. Of note, incremental LV negative pressures were accompanied by increasing DS volumes, derived by extrapolating the volume at zero transmural pressure, the so-called equilibrium volume (V0), related to LV SV. In conclusion, graded preload reduction via LBNP shifts the PV loop to smaller volumes and end-systolic volume below V0, which induces negative LV pressures and increases LV suction. Accordingly, LBNP-induced central hypovolemia is associated with increased DS.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study examined the effects of incremental lower body negative pressure (LBNP) from -15 to -45 mmHg on hemodynamic regulation using invasive pressure-volume assessment in closed-chest pigs. Graded preload reduction via LBNP induces negative left ventricular (LV) pressures while increasing LV suction and thus allowing the ventricle to eject below the equilibrium volume at the end of systole. Accordingly, LBNP-induced central hypovolemia is associated with increased diastolic suction.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
diastolic suction
invasive hemodynamics
lower body negative pressure
pressure-volume loops
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