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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Heugenhauser, J; Galijasevic, M; Mangesius, S; Goebel, G; Buchroithner, J; Erhart, F; Pichler, J; Widhalm, G; Stockhammer, G; Iglseder, S; Freyschlag, CF; Oberndorfer, S; Bordihn, K; von Campe, G; Czech, T; Surbock, B; Purkart, TU; Marosi, C; Felzmann, T; Nowosielski, M.
MRI Response Assessment in Glioblastoma Patients Treated with Dendritic-Cell-Based Immunotherapy
CANCERS. 2022; 14(6): 1579 Doi: 10.3390/cancers14061579 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Urbanic Purkart Tadeja
von Campe Gord
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Abstract:
Simple Summary In order to compare responses to different therapies among clinical trials and to differentiate between therapy-induced changes and true tumor progression, reliable response parameters are crucial. With the advent of targeted and immunologic treatments, several assessment tools have been proposed. In this post hoc analysis we compared assessment criteria according to MacDonald, RANO, mRANO, iRANO as well as Vol-RANO and Vol-mRANO in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma treated with standard of care (SOC) +/- tumor lysate-charged autologous dendritic cells (Audencel). We found that the best correlation between progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was seen for mRANO and Vol-mRANO. Interestingly, iRANO was not superior for predicting OS in patients treated with Audencel. Introduction: In this post hoc analysis we compared various response-assessment criteria in newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GB) patients treated with tumor lysate-charged autologous dendritic cells (Audencel) and determined the differences in prediction of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Methods: 76 patients enrolled in a multicenter phase II trial receiving standard of care (SOC, n = 40) or SOC + Audencel vaccine (n = 36) were included. MRI scans were evaluated using MacDonald, RANO, Vol-RANO, mRANO, Vol-mRANO and iRANO criteria. Tumor volumes (T1 contrast-enhancing as well as T2/FLAIR volumes) were calculated by semiautomatic segmentation. The Kruskal-Wallis-test was used to detect differences in PFS among the assessment criteria; for correlation analysis the Spearman test was used. Results: There was a significant difference in median PFS between mRANO (8.6 months) and Vol-mRANO (8.6 months) compared to MacDonald (4.0 months), RANO (4.2 months) and Vol-RANO (5.4 months). For the vaccination arm, median PFS by iRANO was 6.2 months. There was no difference in PFS between SOC and SOC + Audencel. The best correlation between PFS/OS was detected for mRANO (r = 0.65) and Vol-mRANO (r = 0.69, each p < 0.001). A total of 16/76 patients developed a pure T2/FLAIR progressing disease, and 4/36 patients treated with Audencel developed pseudoprogression. Conclusion: When comparing different response-assessment criteria in GB patients treated with dendritic cell-based immunotherapy, the best correlation between PFS and OS was observed for mRANO and Vol-mRANO. Interestingly, iRANO was not superior for predicting OS in patients treated with Audencel.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
radiologic response criteria
immunotherapy
glioblastoma
iRANO
mRANO
volumetric measurements
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