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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Geraldes, R; Juryńczyk, M; Dos Passos, GR; Pichler, A; Chung, K; Hagens, M; Ruggieri, S; Auger, C; Sastre-Garriga, J; Enzinger, C; Chard, D; Barkhof, F; Gasperini, C; Rovira, A; DeLuca, G; Palace, J; MAGNIMS study group.
The role of pontine lesion location in differentiating multiple sclerosis from vascular risk factor-related small vessel disease.
Mult Scler. 2020; 11(6):1352458520943777-1352458520943777 Doi: 10.1177/1352458520943777 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Enzinger Christian
Pichler Alexander

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Differentiating multiple sclerosis (MS) from vascular risk factor (VRF)-small vessel disease (SVD) can be challenging. In order to determine whether or not pontine lesion location is a useful discriminator of MS and VRF-SVD, we classified pontine lesions on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as central or peripheral in 93 MS cases without VRF, 108 MS patients with VRF and 43 non-MS cases with VRF. MS without VRF were more likely to have peripheral pons lesions (31.2%, 29/93) than non-MS with VRF (0%, 0/43) (Exp(B) = 29.8; 95% confidence interval (CI) = (1.98, 448.3); p = 0.014) but there were no significant differences regarding central pons lesions between MS without VRF (5.4%, 5/93) and non-MS with VRF patients (16.3%, 7/43) (Exp(B) = 0.89; 95% CI = (0.2, 3.94); p = 0.87). The presence of peripheral pons lesions discriminated between MS and VRF-SVD with 100% (95% CI = (91.8, 100)) specificity. The proportion of peripheral pons lesions in MS with VRF (30.5%, 33/108) was similar to that seen in MS without VRF (31.2%, 29/93, p = 0.99). Central lesions occurred in similar frequency in MS with VRF (8.3%, 9/108) and non-MS with VRF (16.3%, 7/43, p = 0.15). Peripheral pons lesion location is a good discriminator of MS from vascular lesions.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Multiple sclerosis
cerebral small vessel disease
differential diagnosis
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