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Campochiaro, PA; Strauss, RW; Lu, L; Hafiz, G; Wolfson, Y; Shah, SM; Sophie, R; Mir, TA; Scholl, HP.
Is There Excess Oxidative Stress and Damage in Eyes of Patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa?
Antioxid Redox Signal. 2015; 23(7):643-648 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Strauß Rupert

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Number of Figures: 4
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Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a group of diseases in which a mutation in one of the large variety of genes causes death of rod photoreceptors. After rods die, cone photoreceptors gradually die resulting in constriction of visual fields and eventual blindness in many patients. Studies in animal models of RP have demonstrated that oxidative damage is a major contributor to cone cell death. In this study, we extended those findings to patients with RP, because compared to control patients, those with RP showed significant reduction in the reduced to oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio in aqueous humor and a significant increase in aqueous protein carbonyl content. In contrast, there was no significant decrease in the serum GSH/GSSG ratio or increase in carbonyl content of serum proteins. These data indicate that patients with RP have ocular oxidative stress and damage in the absence of manifestations of systemic oxidative stress and/or damage indicating that demonstrations of oxidative damage-induced cone cell death in animal models of RP may translate to human RP. These observations lead to the hypothesis that potent antioxidants will promote cone survival and function in patients with RP and that the aqueous GSH/GSSG ratio and carbonyl content on proteins may provide useful biomarkers. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 23, 643-648.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Aqueous Humor - metabolism
Eye - metabolism
Eye - pathology
Glutathione - blood
Glutathione - metabolism
Glutathione Disulfide - metabolism
Humans -
Oxidative Stress -
Protein Carbonylation -
Retinitis Pigmentosa - metabolism
Retinitis Pigmentosa - pathology

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