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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid

Ribitsch, W; Schneditz, D; Franssen, CF; Schilcher, G; Stadlbauer, V; Horina, JH; Rosenkranz, AR.
Increased Hepato-Splanchnic Vasoconstriction in Diabetics during Regular Hemodialysis.
PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0145411-e0145411 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Horina Jörg
Ribitsch Werner
Rosenkranz Alexander
Schilcher Gernot
Schneditz Daniel
Stadlbauer-Köllner Vanessa
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Number of Figures: 3
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Abstract:
Ultrafiltration (UF) of excess fluid activates numerous compensatory mechanisms during hemodialysis (HD). The increase of both total peripheral and splanchnic vascular resistance is considered essential in maintaining hemodynamic stability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of UF-induced changes in hepato-splanchnic blood flow and resistance in a group of maintenance HD patients during regular dialysis. Hepato-splanchnic flow resistance index (RI) and hepato-splanchnic perfusion index (QI) were measured in 12 chronic HD patients using a modified, non-invasive Indocyaningreen (ICG) dilution method. During a midweek dialysis session we determined RI, QI, ICG disappearance rate (kICG), plasma volume (Vp), hematocrit (Hct), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) at four times in hourly intervals (t1 to t4). Dialysis settings were standardized and all patient studies were done in duplicate. In the whole study group mean UF volume was 1.86 ± 0.46 L, Vp dropped from 3.65 ± 0.77L at t1 to 3.40 ± 0.78L at t4, and all patients remained hemodynamically stable. In all patients RI significantly increased from 12.40 ± 4.21 mmHg∙s∙m2/mL at t1 to 14.94 ± 6.36 mmHg∙s∙m2/mL at t4 while QI significantly decreased from 0.61 ± 0.22 at t1 to 0.52 ± 0.20 L/min/m2 at t4, indicating active vasoconstriction. In diabetic subjects, however, RI was significantly larger than in non-diabetics at all time points. QI was lower in diabetic subjects. In chronic HD-patients hepato-splanchnic blood flow substantially decreases during moderate UF as a result of an active splanchnic vasoconstriction. Our data indicate that diabetic HD-patients are particularly prone to splanchnic ischemia and might therefore have an increased risk for bacterial translocation, endotoxemia and systemic inflammation.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult -
Aged -
Aged, 80 and over -
Blood Circulation -
Diabetes Complications - physiopathology
Female -
Hemodiafiltration - adverse effects
Hemodynamics -
Humans -
Kidney Failure, Chronic - physiopathology
Male -
Middle Aged -
Renal Dialysis - adverse effects
Vasoconstriction -

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