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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid

Bogen, D; Brunner, C; Walder, D; Ziegler, A; Abbasi, R; Ladenstein, RL; Noguera, R; Martinsson, T; Amann, G; Schilling, FH; Ussowicz, M; Benesch, M; Ambros, PF; Ambros, IM.
The genetic tumor background is an important determinant for heterogeneous MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma.
Int J Cancer. 2016; 139(1):153-163 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Benesch Martin

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Amplification of MYCN is the signature genetic aberration of 20-25% of neuroblastoma and a stratifying marker associated with aggressive tumor behavior. The detection of heterogeneous MYCN amplification (hetMNA) poses a diagnostic dilemma due to the uncertainty of its relevance to tumor behavior. Here, we aimed to shed light on the genomic background which permits hetMNA in neuroblastoma and tied the occurrence to other stratifying markers and disease outcome. We performed SNP analysis using Affymetrix Cytoscan HD arrays on 63 samples including constitutional DNA, tumor, bone marrow and relapse samples of 26 patients with confirmed hetMNA by MYCN-FISH. Tumors of patients ≤18m were mostly aneuploid with numeric chromosomal aberrations (NCAs), presented a prominent MNA subclone and carried none or a few segmental chromosomal aberrations (SCAs). In older patients, tumors were mostly di- or tetraploid, contained a lower number of MNA cells and displayed a multitude of SCAs including concomitant 11q deletions. These patients often suffered disease progression, tumor dissemination and relapse. Restricted to aneuploid tumors, we detected chromosomes with uniparental di- or trisomy (UPD/UPT) in almost every sample. UPD11 was exclusive to tumors of younger patients whereas older patients featured UPD14. In this study, the MNA subclone appears to be constraint by the tumor environment and thus less relevant for tumor behavior in aggressive tumors with a high genomic instability and many segmental aberrations. A more benign tumor background and lower tumor stage may favor an outgrowth of the MNA clone but tumors generally responded better to treatment. © 2016 The Authors International Journal of Cancer published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of UICC.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adolescent -
Aneuploidy -
Child -
Child, Preschool -
Chromosome Aberrations -
Chromosome Deletion -
Female -
Gene Amplification -
Genetic Heterogeneity -
Humans -
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence -
Infant -
Male -
N-Myc Proto-Oncogene Protein -
Neuroblastoma - genetics
Neuroblastoma - pathology
Nuclear Proteins - genetics
Oncogene Proteins - genetics
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
MYCN amplification
intratumoral heterogeneity
uniparental disomy
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