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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid

Kessler, SM; Laggai, S; Barghash, A; Schultheiss, CS; Lederer, E; Artl, M; Helms, V; Haybaeck, J; Kiemer, AK.
IMP2/p62 induces genomic instability and an aggressive hepatocellular carcinoma phenotype.
Cell Death Dis. 2015; 6(1):e1894-e1894 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Authors Med Uni Graz:
Haybäck Johannes
Kessler Sonja
Lederer Eva
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Number of Figures: 7
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Abstract:
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths and commonly develops in inflammatory environments. The IGF2 mRNA-binding protein IMP2-2/IGF2BP2-2/p62 was originally identified as an autoantigen in HCC. Aim of this study was to investigate a potential pathophysiological role of p62 in hepatocarcinogenesis. Human HCC tissue showed overexpression of IMP2, which strongly correlated with the fetal markers AFP and DLK1/Pref-1/FA-1 and was particularly elevated in tumors with stem-like features and hypervascularization. Molecular classification of IMP2-overexpressing tumors revealed an aggressive phenotype. Livers of mice overexpressing the IMP2 splice variant p62 highly expressed the stem cell marker DLK1 and secreted DLK1 into the blood. p62 was oncogenic: diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-treated p62 transgenic mice exhibited a higher tumor incidence and multiplicity than wild types. Tumors of transgenics showed a more aggressive and stem-like phenotype and displayed more oncogenic chromosomal aberrations determined with aCGH analysis. DEN-treated p62 transgenic mice exhibited distinct signs of inflammation, such as inflammatory cytokine expression and oxidative stress markers, that is, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) levels. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was elevated in HepG2 cells, which either overexpressed p62 or were treated with DLK1. p62 induced this ROS production by a DLK1-dependent induction and activation of the small Rho-GTPase RAC1, activating NADPH oxidase and being overexpressed in human HCC. Our data indicate that p62/IMP2 promotes hepatocarcinogenesis by an amplification of inflammation.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular - genetics
Genomic Instability -
Hep G2 Cells -
Humans -
Inflammation - metabolism
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins - physiology
Liver Neoplasms, Experimental - genetics
Lung Neoplasms - genetics
Mice, Transgenic -
Neoplastic Stem Cells - physiology
Neuropeptides - metabolism
Oxidative Stress -
Phenotype -
RNA-Binding Proteins - genetics
Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism
rac1 GTP-Binding Protein - metabolism

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