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Dibiasi, J; Einspieler, C.
Can spontaneous movements be modulated by visual and acoustic stimulation in 3-month-old infants?
Early Hum Dev. 2002; 68(1):27-37 Doi: 10.1016%2FS0378-3782%2802%2900010-5
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Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Einspieler Christa
Pansy Jasmin

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BACKGROUND: The assessment of the quality of general movements (GMs) in infants proves to be a reliable and valid diagnostic tool for detecting brain dysfunction early in life. Of special interest, particularly for the prediction of cerebral palsy, is the fidgety kind of GMs, the so-called fidgety movements (FMs) observable in 3- to 5-month-old infants. GMs are part of an infant's spontaneous motor repertoire and as such endogenously generated by the nervous system itself. AIM: The question was raised as to what extent the temporal organisation of FMs can be modulated by visual and acoustic stimulation. STUDY DESIGN: Spontaneous motility in supine position with and without stimulation was recorded on video and the data were semiquantitatively analysed. We studied the effect of visual stimulation (red ring, red puppet), unanimated acoustic stimulation (68, 77, 88 dB) and of the mother, approaching her infant in a talkative manner after an absence of a quarter of an hour. SUBJECTS: Twenty-nine healthy infants at the age of 12 weeks who all showed normal FMs. RESULTS: Visual stimulation demonstrated that only the presentation of a red puppet elicited a significant level of focussed attention and led to a decrease of FMs. A red ring, unanimated acoustic stimulation as well as the interaction with the mother had no influence on the temporal organisation of FMs. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that in 3-month-old infants, FMs is a predominant motor pattern and that it is possible to assess FMs during (playful) social interaction.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Acoustic Stimulation -
Cerebral Palsy - diagnosis
Female - diagnosis
Humans - diagnosis
Infant - diagnosis
Male - diagnosis
Mother-Child Relations - diagnosis
Motor Activity - diagnosis
Movement - diagnosis
Photic Stimulation - diagnosis
Supination - diagnosis
Video Recording - diagnosis

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
general movements
fidgety movements
focussed attention
infant neurology
mother-infant interaction
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