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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Riedl, JM; Barth, DA; Brueckl, WM; Zeitler, G; Foris, V; Mollnar, S; Stotz, M; Rossmann, CH; Terbuch, A; Balic, M; Niedrist, T; Bertsch, T; Stoeger, H; Pichler, M; Olschewski, H; Absenger, G; Ficker, JH; Gerger, A; Posch, F.
C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Levels in Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Response and Progression in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Bi-Center Study.
Cancers (Basel). 2020; 12(8): Doi: 10.3390/cancers12082319 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Posch Florian
Riedl Jakob
Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Absenger Gudrun
Balic Marija
Barth Dominik Andreas
Foris Vasile
Gerger Armin
Niedrist Tobias
Olschewski Horst
Pichler Martin
Stöger Herbert
Stotz Michael
Terbuch Angelika

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Scite (citation analytics):

Biomarkers for predicting response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are scarce and often lack external validation. This study provides a comprehensive investigation of pretreatment C-reactive protein (CRP) levels as well as its longitudinal trajectories as a marker of treatment response and disease outcome in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing immunotherapy with anti PD-1 or anti PD-L1 agents. We performed a retrospective bi-center study to assess the association between baseline CRP levels and anti PD-(L)1 treatment outcomes in the discovery cohort (n = 90), confirm these findings in an external validation cohort (n = 101) and explore the longitudinal evolution of CRP during anti PD-(L)1 treatment and the potential impact of dynamic CRP changes on treatment response and disease outcome in the discovery cohort. Joint models were implemented to evaluate the association of longitudinal CRP trajectories and progression risk. Primary treatment outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), while the objective response rate (ORR) was a secondary outcome, respectively. In the discovery cohort, elevated pretreatment CRP levels emerged as independent predictors of worse PFS (HR per doubling of baseline CRP = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.16-1.63, p < 0.0001), worse OS (HR per doubling of baseline CRP = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.18-1.71, p < 0.0001) and a lower ORR ((odds ratio (OR) of ORR per doubling of baseline CRP = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.51-0.92, p = 0.013)). In the validation cohort, pretreatment CRP could be fully confirmed as a predictor of PFS and OS, but not ORR. Elevated trajectories of CRP during anti PD-(L)1 treatment (adjusted HR per 10 mg/L increase in CRP = 1.22, 95% CI: 1.15-1.30, p < 0.0001), as well as a faster increases of CRP over time (HR per 10 mg/L/month faster increase in CRP levels = 13.26, 95% CI: 1.14-154.54, p = 0.039) were strong predictors of an elevated progression risk, whereas an early decline of CRP was significantly associated with a reduction in PFS risk (HR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.83-0.99, p = 0.036), respectively. These findings support the concept that CRP should be further explored by future prospective studies as a simple non-invasive biomarker for assessing treatment benefit during anti PD-(L)1 treatment in advanced NSCLC.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
C-reactive protein
immune checkpoint inhibition
treatment response
joint model
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