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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid Metab Microb

Cvirn, G; Kneihsl, M; Rossmann, C; Paar, M; Gattringer, T; Schlagenhauf, A; Leschnik, B; Koestenberger, M; Tafeit, E; Reibnegger, G; Trozic, I; Rössler, A; Fazekas, F; Goswami, N.
Orthostatic Challenge Shifts the Hemostatic System of Patients Recovered from Stroke toward Hypercoagulability.
Front Physiol. 2017; 8(4):12-12 Doi: 10.3389/fphys.2017.00012 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Leading authors Med Uni Graz
Cvirn Gerhard
Goswami Nandu
Co-authors Med Uni Graz
Fazekas Franz
Gattringer Thomas
Kneihsl Markus
Koestenberger Martin
Leschnik Bettina
Paar Margret
Reibnegger Gilbert
Rössler Andreas
Rossmann Christine Renate
Schlagenhauf Axel
Tafeit Erwin
Trozic Irhad
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Abstract:
Aims: The objective of our study was to assess the effects of orthostatic challenge on the coagulation system in patients with a history of thromboembolic events and to assess how they compared with age-matched healthy controls. Methods: Twenty-two patients with histories of ischemic stroke and 22 healthy age-matched controls performed a sit-to-stand test. Blood was collected prior to- and at the end of- standing in the upright position for 6 min. Hemostatic profiling was performed by determining thrombelastometry and calibrated automated thrombogram values, indices of thrombin generation, standard coagulation times, markers of endothelial activation, plasma levels of coagulation factors and copeptin, and hematocrit. Results: Orthostatic challenge caused a significant endothelial and coagulation activation in patients (Group 1) and healthy controls (Group 2): Plasma levels of prothrombin fragment F1+2 were increased by approximately 35% and thrombin/antithrombin-complex (TAT) increased 5-fold. Several coagulation variables were significantly altered in Group 1 but not in Group 2: Coagulation times (CTs) were significantly shortened and alpha angles, peak rate of thrombin generation (VELINDEX), tissue factor (TF) and copeptin plasma levels were significantly increased (comparison between standing and baseline). Moreover, the shortening of CTs and the rise of copeptin plasma levels were significantly higher in Group 1 vs. Group 2 (comparison between groups). Conclusion: The coagulation system of patients with a history of ischemic stroke can be more easily shifted toward a hypercoagulable state than that of healthy controls. Attentive and long-term anticoagulant treatment is essential to keep patients from recurrence of vascular events.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
thrombin
thrombosis
tissue factor
stroke/prevention
standing
orthostasis
coagulation
thromboembolism
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