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Winkler, P; Odreitz-Stark, S; Haas, E; Thalhammer, M; Partl, R.
Commissioning, dosimetric characterization and machine performance assessment of the LIAC HWL mobile accelerator for Intraoperative Radiotherapy.
Z Med Phys. 2020;
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Haas Eva
Partl Richard
Thalhammer Michael
Winkler Peter
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Abstract:
The LIAC HWL (Sordina IORT Technologies, Vicenza, Italy) is a recently designed mobile linear accelerator for intraoperative electron radiotherapy (IOeRT), producing high dose rate electron beams at four different energy levels. It features a software tool for the visualization of 2D dose distributions, which is based on Monte Carlo simulations. The aims of this work were to (i) assess the dosimetric characteristics of the accelerator, (ii) experimentally verify calculated data exported from the software and (iii) report on commissioning as well as performance of the system during the first year of operation. The electron energies of the LIAC HWL used in this study are 6, 8, 10 and 12 MeV. Diameters of the cylindrically shaped applicators range from 3 to 10cm. We studied two applicator sets with different length ratios of proximal and terminal applicator sections. Reference dosimetry, linearity as well as short- and long-term stability were measured with a PTW Advanced Markus chamber, relative depth dose and profiles were measured using an unshielded diode. Percentage-depth-dose (PDD) and transversal dose profile (TDP) data were exported from the simulation software LIACSim and compared with our measurements. The device reaches dose rates up to 40Gy/min (for 12 MeV). Surface doses for the 10cm applicators are higher than 90%, X-ray background is below 0.6% for all energies. Simulations and measurements of PDD agreed well, with a maximum difference in the depth of the 50% isodose of 0.7mm for the flat-ended applicators and 1mm for the beveled applicators. The simulations slightly underestimate the dose in the lateral parts of the field (difference < 1.8% for flat-ended applicators). The two different applicator sets were dosimetrically equivalent. Long-term stability measurements for the first year of operation ranged from -2.1% to 1.6% (mean: -0.1%). The system is dosimetrically well suited for IOeRT and performed stably and reliably. The software tool for visualization of dose distributions can be used to support treatment planning, following thorough validation. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

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