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Anirudh, S; Rosenberger, A; Schwarzenberger, E; Schaefer, C; Strobl, H; Zebisch, A; Sill, H; Wölfler, A.
TNFα Rescues Dendritic Cell Development in Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells Lacking C/EBPα.
Cells. 2020; 9(5): [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Authors Med Uni Graz:
Rosenberger Angelika
Schaefer Carolin
Schwarzenberger Elke
Sill Heinz
Strobl Herbert
Wölfler Albert
Zebisch Armin

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Number of Figures: 6
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Dendritic cells (DCs) are crucial effectors of the immune system, which are formed from hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) by a multistep process regulated by cytokines and distinct transcriptional mechanisms. C/EBPα is an important myeloid transcription factor, but its role in DC formation is not well defined. Using a CebpaCre-EYFP reporter mouse model, we show that the majority of splenic conventional DCs are derived from Cebpa-expressing HSPCs. Furthermore, HSPCs isolated from Cebpa knockout (KO) mice exhibited a marked reduced ability to form mature DCs after in vitro culture with FLT3L. Differentiation analysis revealed that C/EBPα was needed for the formation of monocytic dendritic progenitors and their transition to common dendritic progenitors. Gene expression analysis and cytokine profiling of culture supernatants showed significant downregulation of inflammatory cytokines, including TNFα and IL-1β as well as distinct chemokines in KO HSPCs. In addition, TNFα-induced genes were among the most dysregulated genes in KO HSPCs. Intriguingly, supplementation of in vitro cultures with TNFα at least partially rescued DC formation of KO HSPCs, resulting in fully functional, mature DCs. In conclusion, these results reveal an important role of C/EBPα in early DC development, which in part can be substituted by the inflammatory cytokine TNFα.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
dendritic cell development
monocytic dendritic cell progenitors
EBP alpha
TNF alpha
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