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Lohberger, B; Bernhart, E; Stuendl, N; Glaenzer, D; Leithner, A; Rinner, B; Bauer, R; Kretschmer, N.
Periplocin mediates TRAIL-induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human myxofibrosarcoma cells via the ERK/p38/JNK pathway.
Phytomedicine. 2020; 76: 153262-153262.
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Bernhart Eva Maria
Eck Nicole
Glänzer Dietmar
Kretschmer Nadine
Leithner Andreas
Lohberger Birgit
Rinner Beate
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Abstract:
Periploca sepium is traditionally used in Chinese medicine to treat particularly rheumatic disorders and as a tonic. Periplocin was found as the most cytotoxic compound of its root bark and induced death receptor mediated apoptosis in liposarcoma cells. Sarcomas are a rare type of cancer with only a few treatment options. The five-year survival rate of advanced tumors is low. In this study, we investigated the effects of periplocin in two myxofibrosarcoma (MFS)cell lines, MUG-Myx2a and MUG-Myx2b, which are subclones of the same tumor and reflect the tumor´s heterogeneity, and in T60 primary myxofibrosarcoma cells. The xCELLigence system and the CellTiter 96® AQueous assay were used for studying cell viability. FACS and Western blot experiments were used to investigate the effects of periplocin on apoptosis induction, cell cycle distribution, and the expression of cleaved PARP, caspase 3, p53, phospho-histone γH2AX, ERK/phospho ERK, p38/phospho p38, and, finally, JNK/phospho JNK. Additionally, the expression of the apoptotic markers Bim, NOXA, Bak, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, and the death receptors IGFR, FADD, TRADD, TNFR1A, TRAIL-R1, and TRAIL-R2 were evaluated using reversed real-time PCR. Periplocin decreased dose-dependently the viability of all MFS cell lines and was more effective than the standard chemotherapeutic doxorubicin. It arrested the cells in the G2/M phase and led to caspase activation. Moreover, periplocin increased the mRNA expression of NOXA, Bak, Bcl-2, and death receptors such as TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 and the protein expression of ERK/phospho ERK, p38/phospho p38, and JNK/phospho JNK. In all cases, differences in the effects in the different subclones were observed. Periplocin showed promising effects in MFS cells. The higher effectiveness compared to doxorubicin is an important aspect for further research with regard as a treatment option. The different effects of periplocin in the two subclones showed the great importance of intratumoral heterogeneity in MFS therapy. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Myxofibrosarcoma
Periploca sepium
Periplocin
Apoptosis
Death receptors
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