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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid

Jäger, D; Barth, TFE; Brüderlein, S; Scheuerle, A; Rinner, B; von Witzleben, A; Lechel, A; Meyer, P; Mayer-Steinacker, R; Baer, AV; Schultheiss, M; Wirtz, CR; Möller, P; Mellert, K.
HOXA7, HOXA9, and HOXA10 are differentially expressed in clival and sacral chordomas.
SCI REP-UK. 2017; 7(1): 2032-2032. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Authors Med Uni Graz:
Rinner Beate

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Chordomas are rare tumours of the bone arising along the spine from clivus to sacrum. We compared three chordoma cell lines of the clivus region including the newly established clivus chordoma cell line, U-CH14, with nine chordoma cell lines originating from sacral primaries by morphology, on genomic and expression levels and with patient samples from our chordoma tissue bank. Clinically, chordomas of the clivus were generally smaller in size at presentation and patients with sacral chordomas had more metastases and more often recurrent disease. All chordoma cell lines had a typical physaliphorous morphology and expressed brachyury, S100-protein and cytokeratin. By expression analyses we detected differentially expressed genes in the clivus derived cell lines as compared to the sacral cell lines. Among these were HOXA7, HOXA9, and HOXA10 known to be important for the development of the anterior-posterior body axis. These results were confirmed by qPCR. Immunohistologically, clivus chordomas had no or very low levels of HOXA10 protein while sacral chordomas showed a strong nuclear positivity in all samples analysed. This differential expression of HOX genes in chordomas of the clivus and sacrum suggests an oncofetal mechanism in gene regulation linked to the anatomic site.

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