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Tomaschitz, A; Pilz, S.
Aldosterone to renin ratio--a reliable screening tool for primary aldosteronism?
Horm Metab Res. 2010; 42(6): 382-391.
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Pilz Stefan
Tomaschitz Andreas
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Abstract:
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is defined as inappropriately high and (relatively or absolutely) autonomous aldosterone secretion, which is not adequately suppressible by sodium loading. Recent evidence shows that the PA prevalence ranges from 3 to 32%. This high prevalence of PA is suggested to be the result of both more intense screening for PA and improvement of laboratory procedures. Inappropriate high aldosterone secretion is paralleled by severe target organ damage, underlining the importance for the identification of PA at an early stage. The aldosterone to renin ratio (ARR), which reflects aldosterone hypersecretion in regard to its principal trophin renin, is currently considered the most reliable tool for PA screening. Accumulating evidence, however, points to a considerable intra-individual variation of this ratio, emphasizing the importance of standardized screening procedures. In particular, laboratory methods, posture, antihypertensive medication, and dietary salt intake are significant effectors of ARR variation. Furthermore, differentiation between low-renin essential hypertension and PA is difficult and probably arbitrary. It is the purpose of the present review to issue the reliability of the ARR as a screening tool for PA. This review also provides an overview about the physiology of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, highlights current laboratory methods for aldosterone and renin determination, and addresses potential influence factors on the ARR.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Aldosterone - analysis
Algorithms -
Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine -
Humans -
Hyperaldosteronism - blood
Mass Screening - methods
Models, Biological -
Renin - analysis
Reproducibility of Results -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
aldosterone to renin ratio
primary aldosteronism
adrenal adenoma
adrenal cortex
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