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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Denk, H; Stumptner, C; Fuchsbichler, A; Zatloukal, K.
Alcoholic and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
Verh Dtsch Ges Pathol. 2005; 89(6): 137-143.
PubMed

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Stumptner Cornelia
Zatloukal Kurt
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Abstract:
Morphologic criteria of steatohepatitis are steatosis, ballooning of hepatocytes, often but not constantly associated with Mallory bodies, pericellular fibrosis and inflammation. Liver cirrhosis follows in about 20-50%. With respect to etiology an alcoholic and non-alcoholic type can be distinguished, the latter being a characteristic hepatic lesion associated with the metabolic syndrome (type II diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity, dyslipidemia). Ballooning of hepatocytes as well as Mallory body formation are associated with a disturbance of the keratin intermediate filament cytoskeleton. Mallory bodies are protein aggregates consisting of keratin (particularly keratin 8), p62, a stress-induced adapter protein involved in signal transduction pathways, heat shock proteins, and ubiquitin. Oxidative stress is involved in Mallory body formation. Major sources of oxidative stress in alcoholic and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis are the microsomal biotransformation system (cytochrome P-450) and the mitochondria, together with an impaired antioxidant defense system. Oxidative stress leads to misfolding/unfolding, abnormal phosphorylation of keratins and disturbance of keratin 8: keratin 18 ratio, and thus interferes with intermediate filament assembly. Moreover, impairment of cellular defense against abnormal proteins, i. e. chaperone action and proteasomal degradation, leads to the accumulation of abnormal aggregation--prone keratins (particularly keratin 8) which after ubiquitination associate with the stress-induced ubiquitin-binding protein p62 to form Mallory bodies. Thus, Mallory body formation resembles an "off-folding" protein response of the amyloid type. These pathogenetic principles of the human disease are supported by immunohistochemical and gene expression studies in experimental animals and by transfection experiments in tissue culture cells.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Diagnosis, Differential -
Fatty Liver - complications Fatty Liver - pathology Fatty Liver - physiopathology
Fatty Liver, Alcoholic - complications Fatty Liver, Alcoholic - pathology Fatty Liver, Alcoholic - physiopathology
Humans -
Inclusion Bodies - pathology
Keratins - analysis Keratins - isolation and purification

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