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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Ralmer, N; Hoefler, G; Hogenauer, C; Lackner, C; Steinke, V; Sengteller, M; Friedl, W; Aretz, S; Propping, P; Mangold, E; Walldorf, C.
Compound heterozygosity for two MSH6 mutations in a patient with early onset colorectal cancer, vitiligo and systemic lupus erythematosus.
AM J MED GENET PART A. 2008; 146A(10): 1314-1319. (- Case Report)
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Hoefler Gerald
Högenauer Christoph
Lackner Karoline
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Abstract:
Lynch syndrome (hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant condition caused by heterozygous germline mutations in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2. Rare cases have been reported of an inherited bi-allelic deficiency of MMR genes, associated with multiple café-au-lait spots, early onset CNS tumors, hematological malignancies, and early onset gastrointestinal neoplasia. We report on a patient with vitiligo in segments of the integument who developed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at the age of 16, and four synchronous colorectal cancers at age 17 years. Examination of the colorectal cancer tissue showed high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) and an exclusive loss of expression of the MSH6 protein. Immunohistochemical analysis of normal colon tissue also showed loss of MSH6, pointing to a bi-allelic MSH6 mutation. Sequencing of the MSH6 gene showed the two germline mutations; c.1806_1809delAAAG;p.Glu604LeufsX5 and c.3226C > T;p.Arg1076Cys. We confirmed that the two mutations are on two different alleles by allele-specific PCR. To our knowledge, neither parent is clinically affected. They did not wish to be tested for the mutations identified in their daughter. These data suggest that bi-allelic mutations of one of the MMR genes should be considered in patients who develop early-onset multiple HNPCC-associated tumors and autoimmune disorders, even in absence of either hematological malignancies or brain tumors.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adolescent -
Alleles -
Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis - genetics
DNA-Binding Proteins - genetics
Female -
Heterozygote -
Humans -
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic - genetics
Mutation -
Vitiligo - genetics

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
HNPCC
MSH6
lupus erythematosus
homozygous
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