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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Thomas, S; Proudlock, FA; Sarvananthan, N; Roberts, EO; Awan, M; McLean, R; Surendran, M; Kumar, ASA; Farooq, SJ; Degg, C; Gale, RP; Reinecke, RD; Woodruff, G; Langmann, A; Lindner, S; Jain, S; Tarpey, P; Raymond, FL; Gottlob, I.
Phenotypical characteristics of idiopathic infantile nystagmus with and without mutations in FRMD7.
Brain. 2008; 131(Pt 5):1259-1267 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Langmann Andrea
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Abstract:
Idiopathic infantile nystagmus (IIN) consists of involuntary oscillations of the eyes. The familial form is most commonly X-linked. We recently found mutations in a novel gene FRMD7 (Xq26.2), which provided an opportunity to investigate a genetically defined and homogeneous group of patients with nystagmus. We compared clinical features and eye movement recordings of 90 subjects with mutation in the gene (FRMD7 group) to 48 subjects without mutations but with clinical IIN (non-FRMD7 group). Fifty-eight female obligate carriers of the mutation were also investigated. The median visual acuity (VA) was 0.2 logMAR (Snellen equivalent 6/9) in both groups and most patients had good stereopsis. The prevalence of strabismus was also similar (FRMD7: 7.8%, non-FRMD7: 10%). The presence of anomalous head posture (AHP) was significantly higher in the non-FRMD7 group (P < 0.0001). The amplitude of nystagmus was more strongly dependent on the direction of gaze in the FRMD7 group being lower at primary position (P < 0.0001), compared to non-FRMD7 group (P = 0.83). Pendular nystagmus waveforms were also more frequent in the FRMD7 group (P = 0.003). Fifty-three percent of the obligate female carriers of an FRMD7 mutation were clinically affected. The VA's in affected females were slightly better compared to affected males (P = 0.014). Subnormal optokinetic responses were found in a subgroup of obligate unaffected carriers, which may be interpreted as a sub-clinical manifestation. FRMD7 is a major cause of X-linked IIN. Most clinical and eye movement characteristics were similar in the FRMD7 group and non-FRMD7 group with most patients having good VA and stereopsis and low incidence of strabismus. Fewer patients in the FRMD7 group had AHPs, their amplitude of nystagmus being lower in primary position. Our findings are helpful in the clinical identification of IIN and genetic counselling of nystagmus patients.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adolescent -
Adult -
Aged -
Aged, 80 and over -
Child -
Child, Preschool -
Chromosomes, Human, X - genetics
Color Perception -
Cytoskeletal Proteins - genetics
Depth Perception -
Eye Diseases, Hereditary - genetics
Female -
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked - genetics
Head - pathology
Heterozygote -
Humans -
Male -
Membrane Proteins - genetics
Middle Aged -
Mutation -
Nystagmus, Congenital - genetics
Nystagmus, Pathologic - genetics
Pedigree -
Posture -
Strabismus - genetics
Visual Acuity -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
X-linked idiopathic infantile nystagmus
FRMD7
obligate carrier
clinical characteristics
eye movements
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