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Hartnell, A; Heinemann, A; Conroy, DM; Wait, R; Sturm, GJ; Caversaccio, M; Jose, PJ; Williams, TJ.
Identification of selective basophil chemoattractants in human nasal polyps as insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor-2.
J IMMUNOL 2004 173: 6448-6457. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed FullText

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Heinemann Akos
Sturm Gunter
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Abstract:
In a search for novel leukocyte chemoattractants at sites of allergic inflammation, we found basophil-selective chemoattractant activity in extracts of human nasal polyps. The extracts were fractionated by reverse phase HPLC, and the resulting fractions were tested for leukocyte-stimulating activity using sensitive shape change assays. The basophil-selective activity detected was not depleted by a poxvirus CC-chemokine-binding protein affinity column. This activity was further purified by HPLC, and proteins in the bioactive fractions were analyzed by tandem electrospray mass spectrometry. Insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2) was identified in these HPLC fractions, and the basophil-stimulating activity was inhibited by an anti-IGF-2-neutralizing Ab. Recombinant IGF-2 induced a substantial shape change response in basophils, but not eosinophils, neutrophils, or monocytes. IGF-2 stimulated chemokinesis of basophils, but not eosinophils or neutrophils, and synergized with eotaxin-1/CCL11 in basophil chemotaxis. IGF-2 also caused up-regulation of basophil CD11b expression and inhibited apoptosis, but did not stimulate degranulation or Ca(2+) flux. Recombinant IGF-1 exhibited similar basophil-selective effects as IGF-2, and both growth factors were detected in nasal polyp extracts by ELISA. This is the first demonstration of chemokinetic factors that increase the motility of basophils, but do not act on other granulocytes or monocytes. IGF-1 and IGF-2 could play a role in the selective recruitment of basophils in vivo.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Amino Acid Sequence -
Basophils - cytology
Cell Shape - physiology
Cell-Free System - physiology
Chemokines, CC - pharmacology
Chemotactic Factors - isolation and purification
Chemotaxis, Leukocyte - physiology
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid - physiology
Chromatography, Ion Exchange - physiology
Down-Regulation - physiology
Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel - physiology
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay - physiology
Humans - physiology
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I - isolation and purification
Insulin-Like Growth Factor II - isolation and purification
Molecular Sequence Data - isolation and purification
Nasal Polyps - metabolism
Receptors, Chemokine - antagonists and inhibitors
Recombinant Proteins - pharmacology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - pharmacology
Up-Regulation - pharmacology

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