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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Deutsch, AJ; Aigelsreiter, A; Staber, PB; Beham, A; Linkesch, W; Guelly, C; Brezinschek, RI; Fruhwirth, M; Emberger, W; Buettner, M; Beham-Schmid, C; Neumeister, P.
MALT lymphoma and extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma are targeted by aberrant somatic hypermutation.
Blood. 2007; 109(8):3500-3504 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Aigelsreiter Ariane
Beham Alfred
Beham-Schmid Christine
Deutsch Alexander
Emberger Werner
Frühwirth Margareta
Gülly Christian
Linkesch Werner
Neumeister Peter
Staber Philipp Bernhard
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Abstract:
Recently, a novel mechanism introducing genetic instability, termed aberrant somatic hypermutation (ASHM), has been described in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. To further investigate whether ASHM also occurs in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type (MALT) lymphoma, we studied the mutation profile of PIM1, PAX5, RhoH/TTF, and c-MYC in 17 MALT lymphomas and 17 extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) still exhibiting a low-grade MALT lymphoma component (transformed MALT lymphoma). Mutations in one or more genes were detected in 13 (76.5%) of 17 cases of MALT lymphomas and in all of 17 (100%) cases of extranodal DLBCL. A total of 100 sequence variants were found in 30 of 34 cases, 28 in the MALT lymphomas and 72 in extranodal DLBCL. Further, in PIM1 and c-MYC some of the mutations were found to affect coding exons, leading to amino acid exchanges, thus potentially altering gene function. Expression levels of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), an enzyme essential for somatic hypermutation (SHM), was associated with the mutational load. These data indicate that aberrant SHM is associated with extranodal DLBCL and MALT lymphoma, likewise. By mutating regulatory and coding sequences of the targeted genes, ASHM may represent a major contributor to their pathogenesis.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Genomic Instability -
Humans -
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone - genetics Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone - pathology
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse - genetics Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse - pathology
Mutation -
Neoplasm Proteins - genetics
Open Reading Frames - genetics
Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid - genetics

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