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Gewählte Publikation:

Groell, R; Willfurth, P; Schaffler, GJ; Mayer, R; Schmidt, F; Uggowitzer, MM; Tillich, M; Genser, B.
Contrast-enhanced spiral CT of the head and neck: comparison of contrast material injection rates.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999; 20(9):1732-1736 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed FullText

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Gröll Reinhard
Mayer Ramona
Schaffler Gottfried
Schmidt Ferdinand
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Abstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contrast-enhanced spiral CT studies of the head and neck are performed frequently using contrast material volumes of approximately 30 g iodine and a scan delay of 30-45 seconds. Because little is known about the effects of contrast material injection rates on tissue enhancement, this was prospectively investigated in our study. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients underwent spiral CT of the head and neck. Each patient was assigned randomly to one of four groups who received 100 mL of nonionic contrast material (300 mg I/mL) at different monophasic injection flow rates with 1.5, 2, 3, and 4 mL/s. Scanning started after a constant delay of 35 seconds. The attenuation of the carotid artery, jugular vein, and sternocleidomastoid muscle was measured over time and the attenuation of the submandibular and thyroid gland was evaluated. Vascular attenuation of at least 150 HU was considered to be sufficient. RESULTS: The mean scan time was 33+/-5 seconds. The study, using an injection rate of 2 mL/s, showed the longest time of sufficient overall (arterial and venous) vessel attenuation (27+/-4 seconds, P< or =.008). The injection flow rate did not influence significantly muscular attenuation (mean enhancement during scan time: 9+/-7 HU). The 1.5 mL/s protocol showed the lowest attenuation values of the submandibular gland (81+/-12 HU) and the highest attenuation values of the thyroid gland (164+/-22 HU), but the attenuation of the thyroid gland was not statistically different from that revealed by the 2 mL/s protocol. CONCLUSION: Using 100 mL of intravenous contrast material with 300 mg I/mL for spiral CT studies of the entire head and neck, the optimal injection flow is 2 mL/s, whereas lower flow rates resulted in insufficient venous enhancement.
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Contrast Media - administration and dosage
Drug Administration Schedule - administration and dosage
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Humans - administration and dosage
Injections, Intravenous - administration and dosage
Iohexol - analogs and derivatives
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