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Gewählte Publikation:

Zobel, G; Kuttnig, M; Grubbauer, HM; Semmelrock, HJ; Thiel, W.
Reduction of colonization and infection rate during pediatric intensive care by selective decontamination of the digestive tract.
Crit Care Med. 1991; 19(10):1242-1246 Doi: 10.1097/00003246-199110000-00005
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Zobel Gerfried
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Grubbauer Hans
Semmelrock Hans-Jürgen

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OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of two different antibiotic regimes on the colonization and infection rates of critically ill pediatric patients. DESIGN: A prospective randomized trial. SETTING: A pediatric ICU in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty critically ill pediatric patients who required intensive care for at least 4 days were randomly allocated to either the selective parenteral and enteral antisepsis regimen (treatment group, n = 25) or the control group (n = 25). INTERVENTIONS: The treatment group received oral nonabsorbable antimicrobial agents (polymyxin E, gentamicin, and amphotericin B) and parenteral cefotaxime, whereas the control group received either perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis or antibiotic therapy according to clinical or microbiological evidence of infection. RESULTS: Both groups were comparable for age, body weight, sex, and severity of illness. Colonization with Gram-negative microorganisms and yeasts in the oropharynx, and digestive and respiratory tracts increased rapidly up to 52% in the control group, whereas there was no colonization with these microorganisms in the treatment group. The occurrence rates of acquired secondary infections in the control and treatment groups were 36% and 8%, respectively (p less than .025). There were no differences between groups in the duration of intensive care or mortality rate. CONCLUSION: Selective oropharyngeal and gastrointestinal decontamination combined with systemic cefotaxime application allows for a significant reduction of the colonization rate with Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts in critically ill pediatric patients undergoing prolonged intensive care. In addition, it significantly reduces the Gram-negative infection rate of the respiratory system. However, this therapeutic approach does not alter ICU length of stay or mortality rate.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Austria - therapeutic use
Critical Care - methods
Cross Infection - microbiology
Female - microbiology
Gastrointestinal Diseases - microbiology
Hospitals, University - microbiology
Humans - microbiology
Infant - microbiology
Intensive Care Units, Pediatric - microbiology
Male - microbiology
Prospective Studies - microbiology
Random Allocation - microbiology
Severity of Illness Index - microbiology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Nosocomial Infection
Gram-Negative Microorganisms
Severity of Illness
Pediatric Intensive Care
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