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Gewählte Publikation:

Gasché, C; Reinisch, W; Lochs, H; Parsaei, B; Bakos, S; Wyatt, J; Fueger, GF; Gangl, A.
Anemia in Crohn's disease. Importance of inadequate erythropoietin production and iron deficiency.
Dig Dis Sci. 1994; 39(9):1930-1934
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Intestinal blood loss as well as chronic inflammation are regarded as the most important mechanisms in the pathogenesis of anemia in Crohn's disease. In addition, cytokines such as interleukin-6 can suppress erythropoietin production. This study was performed to investigate the importance of iron status, inflammatory activity, and endogenous erythropoietin concentrations for the development of anemia in Crohn's disease. In 49 consecutive patients with Crohn's disease, hemoglobin, inflammatory activity (Crohn's disease activity index, C-reactive protein, alpha 1-acid glycoprotein), iron status (serum iron, transferrin, transferrin saturation, ferritin), and serum erythropoietin levels were studied. Anemic (Hb < 12.0 g/dl; N = 16) vs nonanemic patients (Hb > or = 12 g/dl; N = 33) showed reduced iron compartments (eg, ferritin 28.7 +/- 12.9 micrograms/liter vs 63.2 +/- 15.0 micrograms/liter, transferrin saturation 6.2 +/- 1.4% vs 11.5 +/- 1.3%, P < 0.01) but no differences in inflammatory activity. An inverse correlation between erythropoietin and hemoglobin concentrations was found (r = -0.62; P < 0.001), but the increase in erythropoietin levels was inadequate to the degree of anemia. There was no correlation between erythropoietin and interleukin-6 serum levels. Four of five anemic patients with hemoglobin below 10.5 g/dl and erythropoietin levels within the normal range were treated with parenteral iron (200 mg iron saccharate in 250 ml NaCl, weekly, intravenously). Two of them additionally received recombinant human erythropoietin (150 units/kg, 3x weekly, subcutaneously). After five weeks all patients had a marked increase in hemoglobin. However, the mean increase in erythropoietin-treated patients was 5.0 g/dl compared to 2.0 g/dl in the patients with iron therapy only.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult -
Anemia - drug therapy
Crohn Disease - blood
Drug Therapy, Combination - blood
Erythropoietin - metabolism
Female - metabolism
Ferritins - blood
Humans - blood
Interleukin-6 - blood
Iron - deficiency
Male - deficiency
Middle Aged - deficiency
Recombinant Proteins - deficiency

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Crohns Disease
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